April, 2018 New Age, No. 302

April, 2018 New Age, No. 302 (PDF)

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Summary of April, 2018 New Age, No. 302

Newsletter April, 2018 New Age, No. 302 Index The voice of the President ....... 3 Event of the month .................. 4 Press releases ........................... 5 Recommendations ................... 8 Article of the month .............. 10 Book of the month ................. 10 Carta de Novedades, Nueva Época, No. 302, abril 2018, es una Publicación mensual editada por la Comisión Nacio- nal de los Derechos Humanos, Periférico Sur 3469, Col. San Jerónimo Lídice, Delegación Magdalena Contreras, C. P. 10200, Ciudad de México, Teléfonos (55) 56 81 81 25 y 54 90 74 00, Lada sin costo 01800 715 2000, www.cndh.org. mx. Editor responsable: Secretaría Ejecutiva, CNDH, Mtra. Consuelo Olvera Treviño. Reserva de Derechos al Uso Exclusivo No. 04-2015-050410012300-203, otorgada por el Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor, ISSN: en trámite. Responsable de la última actualización de este Número, Secretaría Ejecutiva, CNDH, Lic. Juan Carlos Villalobos López, Blvd. Adolfo López Mateos, 1922, 1er piso, Col. Tlacopac, Delegación Álvaro Obregón, C. P. 01049, Ciudad de México, fecha de la última modificación 30 de abril de 2018. Las opiniones expresadas por los autores no necesariamente reflejan la postura del editor de la publicación. Queda prohibida la reproducción total o parcial de los contenidos e imágenes de la publicación sin previa autoriza- ción de la Comisión Nacional de los Derechos Humanos. 3 The NHRC affirms neither the National Guard nor the wall will stop migration, which must be dealt with co-responsibility, respect to sovereignty and without using the force DGC/086/18 April 5, 2018 The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) deems that deploying the United States´ Na- tional Guard in the U.S-Mexico border is based on a wrongful vision of considering the migra- tion phenomenon as a threat to National security. A safe, regular and orderly migration will only be possible with a human rights respect approach, in which both countries assume co-responsibili- ty, with a mutual respect to sove- reignty and without using force as a negotiation way. It emphasized that regarding the xenophobic and racist policy of the American President, the Mexican government has to set as axes of its policy the national dignity and the Mexican people´s dignity, that no negotiation must be left aside the humanitarian fa- cet, and that nowadays the coun- tries´ sovereignty is enclosed by the universal principle of dignity of all persons. “Migration will not be stopped by building real or metaphoric obstacles. To build physical ba- rriers like the so-mentioned bor- der wall or appealing to fear and intimidation by mobilizing the National Guard will not avoid that people move searching be- tter life conditions and develop- ment perspectives”. Luis Raúl González Pérez, National Ombudsman, stated it by participating at the opening of the talking event “Returning Migration and Social Rights: Ba- rriers to Integration”, in El Cole- gio de México, where he highli- ghted the concern of the national organism for the Mexican State´s lack for implementing public po- licies to guarantee Mexicans re- turning to the country for exerci- sing their social human rights, for their effective re-integration and development on society. After mentioning that accor- ding to the 2016 survey made by the U.S. government, there are 11.6 million Mexican migrants who live in that country; he poin- ted out “is highly likely that the change of U.S. migration policy has as consequence the repatria- tion of thousands of Mexicans; we do not intent to be fatalist, but being ready to face that possibili- ty”. He explained that on this situa- tion, the NHRC and El Colegio de México (Colmex) present the pro- ject “Information System about returning Migration and Social Rights: Barriers to Integration”, as a useful tool for the unders- tanding and study of migratory dynamic coming from academy with a human rights view which implies opportunity and challen- ge for the country. “The Mexican State, he said, has a debt with all nationals who had the need to leave our country looking for the so-called Ameri- can dream, for not being able to give them the minimal economic, work, social and security condi- tions to develop their life in our country”. Before Silvia Giorguli Sau- cedo, President of El Colegio de México; Andrea Bautista León, researcher of that institution, and Edgar Corzo Sosa, NHRC´s Fifth General Visitor, he emphasized that trying to find on migrants the source of problems and diffi- culties that a society faces is not the solution neither, since reality has proved the utility and contri- butions that most of those people make to communities and to eco- nomic, social and cultural life of the United States of America. He highlighted that for achie- ving the project´s goals, Colmex The voice of the President New Age, No. 302 INDEX 4 New Age, No. 302 The voice of the President will create a website of such na- tional information system with indicators for identifying the un- covered needs of migrants, three public seminars for spreading advances and progress of the in- vestigation, four public policy do- cuments about education, work, health and housing of this group, four digital bulletins about each one of those social dimensions, and a book with the investiga- tion´s outcomes and public policy recommendations. He said that the way returning migration is faced for promoting reintegration of those coming back will depend on talking in the future of a moment of crisis and opportunity ways. Silvia Giorguli said that the talking event seeks to exchange experiences between academy and civil organizations that have worked on returning migration in order to design and suggest public policies to attend the current problems like discri- mination and procedures that ought to be made before official agencies. Andrea Bautista León, resear- cher of Colmex, explained that with the “Information System about returning Migration and Social Rights: Barriers to Integra- tion” project, different studies will be made and indicators will be designed to measure migrants´ vulnerability level, and to allow identify institutional barriers that stop their integration to original communities. http://www.cndh.org.mx/sites/all/doc/Co- municados/2018/Com_2018_086.pdf MEXICAN OMBUDSMAN HIGHLIGHTS THE IMPORTANCE OF ESTABLISHING LAWS IN CENTRAL AMERICA AND MEXICO TO RECOGNIZE THE RIGHTS OF DISPLACED PERSONS AND IMMIGRATION HUMANITARIAN CHARACTER DGC/099/18 Villahermosa, Tabasco, April 17, 2018 The absence of laws that recogni- zes rights of displaced persons or a policy aimed to their protection in Mexico and Central American countries demands to establish regional norms for attending this vulnerable population, exposed to regular violations of their hu- man rights, Luis Raúl González Pérez, Mexican Ombudsman said. He also called these nations to form a common front to pro- mote protection and assistance, which favors them as a first step to the Inter-American specific re- gulation regarding internal for- ced displacement. At the opening of the Regio- nal Workshop “challenges and relations before internal displace- ment and immigration in Mexico and Central America”, he invited the participating countries to sign Mexico´s Declaration about Inter- nal Forced Displacement issued on August 24, 2017, named “Coor- dinating efforts of the internatio- nal community and civil society for the attention of internally dis- placed persons and reduction of internal forced displacement in the world”. The Mexican Ombudsman joi- ned the presidium with Gustavo Rosario Torres, Government Se- cretary of the State of Tabasco and representative of Governor Artu- ro Núñez; Gustavo D’Angelo, Re- gional Representative of the Pan American Development Foun- dation for Mexico and Central America; Luis Ernesto Vargas Silva, Second Vice-President and Rapporteur on the Rights of Migrants of the Inter-American Commission on Hu- man Rights, and Ra- miro Rivadeneira Silva, Defender of the People of Ecuador and Se- cretary-General of the Network of National Institutions for the Promotion and Protection of Hu- man Rights of the Americas. http://www.cndh.org.mx/sites/all/doc/Co- municados/2018/Com_2018_099.pdf Event of the month INDEX 5 New Age, No. 302 Press releases DGC/088/18 April 6, 2018 The National Human Rights Commission called Mexican go- vernment to ratify the Protocol of 2014 to the Forced Labour Con- vention, 1930 of the Internatio- nal Labour Organization (ILO), which entered into force on No- vember 9, 2016. By presenting the study about Intervention of labour authorities in the prevention of human tra- fficking and possible victims on agricultural lands, the Ombuds- man, Luis Raúl González Pérez said that a public policy is fore- seen because national and inter- national norms do exist, but it is not enough; political willingness is necessary to make them come true. THE NATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION CALLED MEXICAN GOVERNMENT TO RATIFY THE PROTOCOL OF 2014 TO THE FORCED LABOUR CONVENTION, 1930 He underlined the importan- ce that federal and local labour authorities understand that the country´s agricultural laborers are in high vulnerability situa- tions that make them suscepti- ble to become victims of human trafficking in the modalities of forced labour and services; be- cause they have the same rights of other exploitation victims, like being identified, rescued and at- tended in a complete way. Due inspection and preven- tion of human trafficking and ex- ploitation contributes to the fulfi- llment of UN 2030 Agenda Goals and allows to break not only po- verty circles but also of violence, and provides tools to directly attack the causes that allow that human trafficking becomes part of daily life, added the Ombuds- man. http://www.cndh.org.mx/sites/all/doc/Co- municados/2018/Com_2018_088.pdf INDEX 6 New Age, No. 302 Press releases DGC/095/18 April 13, 2018 The Ibero-American Federation of Ombudsman (FIO) recogni- zed the National Human Rights Commission´s work (NHRC) and agreed to adopt different prac- tices encouraged by the Mexi- can Ombudsman to replicate in region countries, especially to consolidate the understanding of human trafficking and migra- tion phenomenon; to promote research, training, and denuncia- tion of issues linked to violation of fundamental rights in such contexts, as well as to create solu- tion proposals and strategies. On the thematic network of mi- grants and human trafficking of FIO, whose general coordination IN THE FRAMEWORK OF THE 22TH CONGRESS OF FIO, THE NHRC TOOK OVER THE GENERAL COORDINATION OF THE NETWORK OF MIGRANTS AND HUMAN TRAFFICKING, AS WELL AS THE REGIONAL NETWORK OF WOMEN´S DEFENDERS OF NORTH AMERICA is in charge of the NHRC, was underscored the work accompli- shed by the Mexican organism, which asked the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR), on behalf of the Ne- twork of National Institutions of Human Rights of the Americas its intervention to demand the region countries the recognition of internal forced displacement; also to legislate about it and to deem a series of proposals aimed to protect those who face this si- tuation. The participation of the Mexi- can organism was recognized as representative of the Global Alliance of National Human Ri- ghts Institutions (GANHRI) in the preparatory meeting of the Global Compact for Safe, Order- ly and Regular Migration, which took place in 2017 in Puerto Va- llarta, Jalisco. In such meeting, the importance of the Compact was underlined, and it is expec- ted to be signed on December, and that it contain in itself a wide vision about human mobility and guarantee the migrants´ dignity. http://www.cndh.org.mx/sites/all/doc/Co- municados/2018/Com_2018_095.pdf THE NHRC ENDORSES THE DEMAND OF DIFFERENT UN AGENCIES REGARDING THE APPROVAL OF THE DEPUTIES OF THE REFORMS AIMED TO FAVOR MIGRANT CHILDREN, LINED UP WITH THE GENERAL LAW FOR THE RIGHTS OF GIRLS, BOYS AND TEENAGERS DGC/104/18 April 19, 2018 The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) joins the demand of UN agencies based in Mexico like OHCHR, UNCHR, IOM and UNICEF, to harmonize, within the reforms on the Law on Migration and the Law about Re- fugees, Complementary Protec- tion and Political Asylum regar- ding child migration, such laws with the General Law for the Ri- ghts of Boys, Girls and Teenagers, looking for to guarantee their protection and respect of their superior interest, just like it was stated in the “Report about the difficulties that face Unaccom- panied Central American Girls, Boys and Teenagers on interna- tional migration in their transit through Mexico and with Inter- national Protection Needs”. The aforementioned report was relea- sed in October 2016. This national organism highli- ghts the importance to deal with international child migration, a vulnerability group who faces risks and problems during its transit through the country, and who become victims of abuse, discrimination, violence and ag- gressions too. http://www.cndh.org.mx/sites/all/doc/Co- municados/2018/Com_2018_104.pdf INDEX 7 New Age, No. 302 Press releases THE NHRC AFFIRMS THAT THE RATIFICATION OF ILO´S CONVENTION NO.189 WILL BE A MAIN ELEMENT TO STRENGTHEN THE HUMAN RIGHTS OF 2.3 MILLION DOMESTIC WORKERS DGC/107/18 April 22, 2018 The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) emphasi- zes the importance of the ratifica- tion of the Convention No. 189 of the International Labour Organi- zation (ILO). This national orga- nism asked for it during the pre- sentation of its 2017 annual report before the federal executive; the goal is preventing that 2.3 million domestic workers be unable to exercise their fundamental rights. The National Human Rights Commission underlines that the final observations made to Mexi- co by the CESCR Committee, in- cluded to strengthen efforts to guarantee that all domestic and agricultural workers can count with in both the legal framework and the practice, faire and satis- factory labour conditions, inclu- ding a pay. The ratification of the Convention No. 189 must be dee- med too, among other mechanis- ms to denounce abuse and labour exploitation; that is why this na- tional organism will not cease to insist on its ratification. http://www.cndh.org.mx/sites/all/doc/Co- municados/2018/Com_2018_107.pdf THE NHRC IS CONCERNED ABOUT MILLIONS OF NATIONALS WHO DO NOT HAVE LABOUR SOCIAL SECURITY, DESPITE THE COUNTRY´S WIDE LEGAL FRAMEWORK ABOUT IT DGC/113/18 April 28, 2018 In the context of the World Day for Safety and Health at Work, the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) expresses its concern for the lack of access to health and labour assistance of more than 16.3 million natio- nals who do subordinate and pa- ying jobs. As well as the nearly 30 million people in the informal sector, who do not exercise fully their rights to security and health at work, despite being widely developed in the legal framework about such issue. The NHRC also recalls that regarding the 2011 constitutio- nal reform, article 1 of the Constitution recognizes as self-ow- ned the rights within the international trea- ties from which Mexi- co is part of. Within those, Mexico has adopted also the treaties created by the ILO, like the Occupational Safety and Health Convention No. 155, the Occupational Health Services Convention No. 161; both have re- levant dispositions about human rights. http://www.cndh.org.mx/sites/all/doc/Co- municados/2018/Com_2018_113.pdf INDEX 8 New Age, No. 302 Recommendations Responsible Authority Issue Recommendation Ministry of National Defense, National Security Commis- sion, Deputy Attorney of Le- gal and International Affairs About the case of arbitrary arrest, illegal detention, acts of torture and sexual violence in detriment of V, in the State of San Luis Potosí. RECOMMENDATION 9/2018 April 2, 2018 http://www.cndh.org.mx/sites/all/doc/ Recomendaciones/2018/Rec_2018_009.pdf Responsible Authority Issue Recommendation Government of the State of Chiapas, General Prosecutor´s Office of the State of Chiapas, Government of the Municipa- lity of Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Chiapas About the case of violation to the human right of personal security of V1, as well as to the right access to justice, in detriment of V1 and V2, in Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Chiapas. RECOMMENDATION 10/2018 April 19, 2018 http://www.cndh.org.mx/sites/all/doc/ Recomendaciones/2018/Rec_2018_010.pdf Responsible Authority Issue Recommendation Ministry of Agriculture, Li- vestock, Rural Development, Fisheries and Food General Directorate of the National Water Commission About the violations to the human rights of legal security, property, work and water against QV1, V2, V3, V4, V5, V6, V7, V8, V9 and V10, for the irregular transfer of the license bestowed in favor of the irrigation unit of the fourth zone of the common land Chaparrosa, Villa de Cos, Zacatecas. RECOMMENDATION 11/2018 April 20, 2018 http://www.cndh.org.mx/sites/all/doc/ Recomendaciones/2018/Rec_2018_011.pdf INDEX 9 New Age, No. 302 Recommendations Responsible Authority Issue Recommendation Commission of the National Migration Institute, Deputy Attorney of Legal and Interna- tional Affairs, Federal Attor- ney for the Protection of Girls, Boys and Teenagers of the National System for Integral Family Development DIF, Ge- neral Directorate of the Natio- nal System for Integral Family Development in México City About the case of violations to hu- man rights of legal safety, access to justice in its modality of procure- ment of justice, protection to health and superior interest of childhood in detriment of V, teenager of 13 years of age in situation of inter- national migration, of Honduran nationality. RECOMMENDATION 12/2018 April 26, 2018 http://www.cndh.org.mx/sites/all/doc/ Recomendaciones/2018/Rec_2018_012. pdf Responsible Authority Issue+ Recommendation Ministry of the Navy About the case of violations to the rights of protection to health, to in- formation on health services and to life in detriment of V1, in the Naval Regional Hospital of Acapulco, Guerrero. RECOMMENDATION 13/2018 April 27, 2018 http://www.cndh.org.mx/sites/all/doc/ Recomendaciones/2018/Rec_2018_013.pdf Responsible Authority Issue Recommendation National Migration Institute About the case of violations to hu- man rights of freedom, to personal integrity for acts of torture, to pro- tection of health, and to legal safe- ty, committed in detriment of QV, person in situation of migration who was detained in the migrant detention centers of the National Migration Institute in Mexicali and Tijuana, Baja California. RECOMMENDATION 14/2018 April 30, 2018 http://www.cndh.org.mx/sites/all/doc/ Recomendaciones/2018/Rec_2018_013.pdf Responsible Authority Issue Recommendation Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare, Mexican Institute of Social Security, Government of the State of Colima, Municipa- lity of Colima, Colima. About the case of violations to different human rights for acts of human trafficking in detriment of indigenous laborers from mixteco origin in vulnerability conditions located in a common land of the municipality of Colima, Colima. RECOMMENDATION 15/2018 April 30, 2018 http://www.cndh.org.mx/sites/all/doc/ Recomendaciones/2018/Rec_2018_015.pdf INDEX 10 Article of the month New Age, No. 302 Difference between Hutus and Tutsis The Hutus and Tutsis are the main original ethnic groups of the Republic of Rwanda. They are known worldwide for being responsible a genocide in 1994 in that country, where extremist groups murde- red more than 800,000 Tutsis and moderate Hutus groups. Hutus They were considered low class, as workers, servants and slaves of the ethnic dominant group (Tutsi). However, this group established in Rwanda, years before others. Therefore, it was a numerous group, becoming approximately 75% of popula- tion. Within its characteristics, we can find that is a group dedicated to agriculture mainly and to lives- tock, Hutu women do home tasks, and sometimes, agricultural work. Their original language is Kin- yarwanda, Urundi and Kirundi, but currently they speak French too. This ethnic group once conside- red segregated and excluded during Tutsi govern- ment, achieved certain power and control in Rwan- da since the genocide in which approximately 800, 000 Tutsi were murdered, which were deemed to be foreigners and power abusive. Tutsis Likewise, Tutsis form approximately 19% of Rwanda´s population and it was always considered a feudal group, elitist and segregationist. Later, re- sulting from the death of the Rwandan dictator, eth- nic conflicts with Hutus increased and a violent war occurred, which claimed the lives of 800.000 Tutsi approximately. https://diferencias.eu/entre-hutus-y-tutsis/ Autism and Asperger Syndrome; guide for relatives, Friends and professionals José Ramón Alonso Peña Number of pages: 268 pages. Binding: Soft cover Publisher: AMARU EDICIONES Language: CASTILIAN ISBN: 9788481962123 In a practical and simple way, this book talks about the current knowle- dge regarding autism and Asperger Syndrome. It reviews and exposes what is known about the autism´s disorders, its possible reasons, the organism changes of people with autism, the justified and unjustified treatments nowadays and how to help not only people suffering from autism, but also his families and the environment to face this disabi- lity. https://www.casadellibro.com/libro-autismo-y-sindrome-de-asperger-guia-para-familia- res-amigos-y-pr-ofesionales/9788481962123/1001866 Book of the month INDEX INDEX President Luis Raúl González Pérez First General Visitor Ismael Eslava Pérez Second General Visitor Enrique Guadarrama López Third General Visitor Ruth Villanueva Castilleja Fourth General Visitor María Eréndira Cruzvillegas Fuentes Fifth General Visitor Edgar Corzo Sosa Sixth General Visitor Jorge Ulises Carmona Tinoco Executive Secretary Consuelo Olvera Treviño Technical Secretary of the AdvisorCouncil Joaquín Narro Lobo The CNDH Defends and protects your rights Newsletter Periférico Sur 3469, Col. San Jerónimo Lídice, Delegación Magdalena Contreras, C. P. 10200, Ciudad de México. Teléfonos (55) 56 81 81 25 y 54 90 74 00, Lada sin costo 01800 715 2000 cndh.org.mx Executive Secretary Blvd. Adolfo López Mateos, 1922, 1er piso, Col. Tlacopac, Delegación Álvaro Obregón, C. P. 01049, Ciudad de México. Teléfono: (52 55) 17 19 20 00, ext. 8058 Fax: (52 55) 17 19 21 53. Lada sin costo: 01 800 715 2000 Correspondencia: [email protected]

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