January, 2019 New Age, No. 311

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Newsletter January, 2019 New Age, No. 311 Index The voice of the president ....... 3 Event of the month .................. 6 Press Releases .......................... 7 Recommendations ................. 12 Article of the month .............. 13 Book of the month .................. 13 Carta de Novedades, Nueva Época, No. 311, enero 2019, es una Publicación mensual editada por la Comisión Na- cional de los Derechos Humanos, Periférico Sur 3469, Col. San Jerónimo Lídice, Alcaldía Magdalena Contreras, C. P. 10200, Ciudad de México, Teléfonos (55) 56 81 81 25 y 54 90 74 00, Lada sin costo 01800 715 2000, www.cndh.org. mx. Editor responsable: Secretaría Ejecutiva, CNDH, Mtra. Consuelo Olvera Treviño. Reserva de Derechos al Uso Exclusivo No. 04-2015-050410012300-203, otorgada por el Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor, ISSN: en trámite. Responsable de la última actualización de este Número, Secretaría Ejecutiva, CNDH, Lic. Juan Carlos Villalobos López, Blvd. Adolfo López Mateos, 1922, 1er piso, Col. Tlacopac, Alcaldía Álvaro Obregón, C. P. 01049, Ciudad de México, fecha de la última modificación 31 de enero de 2019. Las opiniones expresadas por los autores no necesariamente reflejan la postura del editor de la publicación. Queda prohibida la reproducción total o parcial de los contenidos e imágenes de la publicación sin previa autoriza- ción de la Comisión Nacional de los Derechos Humanos. 3 Remarks made by Luis Raúl González Pérez, President of the National Commission of Hu- man Rights, on the public hearing organized by the Political Coordination Board of the Chamber of Representatives of the 64th Legislature regarding the constitutional reform on the National Guard. Mexico City, January 10, 2019 We cannot put the direct guaran- tee of rights inside our constitu- tional system, nor in military bod- ies or structures. The Ministry of National Defense cannot become directly or indirectly the body that investigate, prosecute and prevent the crimes committed by civilians neither can be the axis from which social coexistence of our country develops. The sepa- ration and respect between civil and military bodies have been a relevant part of the rise and dem- ocratic consolidation of Mexico, and therefore has allowed the al- ternation of power. The primacy of the civilian over the military is an unavoidable and necessary condition to preserve a liberal State and to guarantee that our democratic system is not condi- tioned or threatened by political interests or by any military struc- tures, or corrupted by the threat of the use of force. The CNDH comes to these public hearings with different additional concerns, besides the weakening of the civil institution- ality. It draws the attention that in parallel to these hearings that have had a wide diffusion, the process of recruitment of the Na- tional Guard has already begun, at least in the media. In addition, in the expenditures Budget, there have been incorporated resourc- es for its operation, for that it can be assumed that despite what is discussed here, we are before a decision already taken. The credibility and public per- ception about the autonomy and independence of this legislature would be weakened if these hear- ings end repeating the simula- tion on the approval of the Interi- or Security Law, through the last legislature. In that occasion, the convening of experts, scholars, civic organizations and national and international human rights bodies was a mere formality that tried to legitimate political deci- sions previously defined. We also feel the absence of vic- tims in the hearings, not only of those who have been victims of a crime but also of those who have suffered the abuse of power, that have seen their rights violated, in many times by members of the armed forces who have not ful- filled their duty. We cannot repeat the mistakes made on the past. Beyond official statements or positions, in the last days the violent reality of dif- ferent states like Oaxaca, Guerre- ro, Chihuahua or Guanajuato, as well as the uncertainty of facts like the gas shortage whose ori- gin comes from the fight to crim- inality, have reaffirmed the need of acting on such issues with ur- gency, relevance, opportunity, responsibility and transparency. They all have to be assumed as national priorities, giving atten- tion to all the actors involved. There are no acceptable num- bers or ratings for executions, killings, torture or disappearanc- es. There are no crimes more or less acceptable or justified. Data reveal our truth, our reality that we cannot ignore or change by statements denying or disre- garding them or creating opacity on the mechanisms that record them. We have strongly rejected the imposing of “historic truths”; let us not enter an era of “official truths”. We need to recognize the objective evidence and informa- tion to be able to act effective- ly upon it. This requires a joint work, in which simulation, nor do polarized or dogmatic posi- tions have place. Our filter and parameter is reality. Although we are many who are convinced that the participa- tion of the armed forces on secu- rity tasks is not desirable, neither we cannot disregard that at this time it is not feasible its with- drawal. However, such issue can- not justify pretending to make that presence the basic solution to the problem we face, and to try to perpetuate it. The proposed reconsideration about the characteristics and functions of the National Guard represents a partial, incomplete and biased answer to the violence and insecurity we face, with a temporary and short-term vision. It generates the risk of violating human rights, it does not guaran- tee in any way nor substantively contributes to the ending of im- punity, it weakens our civil and democratic institutionality; be- sides, it contravenes judgments, principles, recommendations, and criteria made by internation- al human rights bodies that our country has to comply. If this reform were approved, such obligations would be ig- nored and would not be fulfilled. The above will begin a breakup of Mexico with the international hu- man rights protection and defense systems, a consequence that this chamber must consider and mea- sure. In any case, as a preventive step, the Mexican State could ask the Inter-American Court of Hu- man Rights an advisory opinion about the compatibility of an in- stitution like the National Guard in line with the Ibero- American scheme on human rights. The voice of the president New Age, No. 311 INDEX The voice of the President New Age, No. 311 Furthermore, we warn with concern that the different pro- posed normative reforms on security and justice have been treated in an isolated and partial way, as if they are independent topics. With this you are putting aside the complete, multidisci- plinary and multidimensional needed vision that would require the review of the corresponding state policies. The issue of the Na- tional Guard, the widening of the catalog of crimes subject to man- datory pretrial detention, the in- crease or decrease of budgets to bodies like the SEDENA or the General Prosecutor´s Office are not self-determining topics. They are parts of a whole thing, which need to be reviewed in an objective, complete and re- sponsible way. You must analyze them along with topics such as the duly formation and training of police, the financial intelli- gence and patrimony probe and the ending of corruption. You also need to consider the poli- tics against arms trafficking, the review of our penitentiary sys- tem, the modernization of our intelligence systems, the recon- sideration of our drugs produc- tion and consumption policies, as well as the preventive character emphasis on drugs public poli- cies. We insist on the need of hav- ing 33 autonomous prosecutors with resources, capabilities and real and effective operation pos- sibilities. It is not only about the heads´ profile, but proper norma- tive and operational frameworks are also required. Even if the po- lice is well trained, little or noth- ing will help to end impunity if crimes are not investigated and the legal causes are not duly sup- ported. On this task, the external mechanisms of citizen supervi- sion are called to play a decisive role. The constitutional bill reform does not incorporate objective elements nor evidence that sup- port its own sense. There is no methodology that could back up the information that substanti- ates the bill, nor a record of the one considered relevant for it. In particular, it is clear the omis- sion about objective evidence that would be relevant, like the number of recommendations for human rights violations issued against the Ministry of National Defense and the Ministry of the Navy, some of them for grave vi- olations, acts that generally are not duly investigated by authori- ties and the imposed penalties do not often correspond to the seri- ousness of those acts. The proposal does not estab- lish any guarantee mechanism in order to prevent members of the armed forces who were involved in human rights violations to be part of the National Guard, nor that their practices would not be preserved, transmitted or repeat- ed in such guard. Among several points that the bill does not answer, I want to highlight the fact that it is not INDEX clear how and when we will de- velop civil police, without mili- tary characteristics. Another un- clear situation is which will be the destination and role of police currently operating. The Nation- al Guard as planned does not guarantee justice; in any case, it will be a determent or restraint with limited and short-term ef- fects. With it we are constructing a route to militarize areas until now within civil institutions, but it is not clearly established a route in the other direction. The nature and hybrid characteristics of the guard, more than giving certain- ty, will create confusion and will open vulnerability spaces for its integration and operation. We should directly under- take the development of a frame- work that sustains and fits in the best possible way the temporary and extraordinary duties of the armed forces on security tasks, providing certainty to both mil- itary members and society in a framework of respect to human rights and accountability. If the bill comes from the need of ad- dressing an exceptional situation of violence and insecurity that endangers society, why choosing such a constitutional reform and keep putting aside the pending regulation of Article 29 of the constitution which would limit those exceptional conditions and would necessarily should be car- ried out according to internation- al standards? The voice of the President New Age, No. 311 We propose the establishment of an specialized analysis group or panel that review the objective and concrete evidence, whose opinions provide elements to build a scheme of public securi- ty, in which accepting and rec- ognizing the temporary need of the participation of the armed forces on public security, foresees a route to correct deficiencies, as well as for the development and strengthening of police and civil institutions, in the federal, local and municipal levels in order to make them responsible of public security considering a plan for the gradual and verifiable return of the armed forces to their prop- er tasks. Eventually, this strate- gy might imply the creation and consolidation of an intermediate civil security force with disci- pline and specialized training that would be an element that helps the transition process be- tween the direct military inter- vention and the recovering of the natural tasks of civil police. It is clear that in the time fixed for each intervention, is not pos- sible to present a detailed tech- nical analysis of the proposed constitutional reform before you, therefore, I present a supported legal document where such ideas are clearly detailed. Thank you very much. INDEX 6 New Age, No. 311 Event of the month The national Ombudsperson highlights the need of having more and better security in line with a democratic State, and asks not to quit on civil and democratic institutionalism DGC/029/19 January 23, 2019 Luis Raúl González Pérez presented the 2018 Activities Report before the Permanent Commission of Con- gress that spearheads Deputy Porfirio Muñoz Ledo. He said that broadening the influence sphere of the armed forces to public security is a risky bet for democracy and civil institutionalism. He added as a risk for national security, the fact that they undertake tasks of real estate developers, public constructors and the possibility that they acquire goods and hire services under the sheet of secrecy and limited transparency. The most common authorities aimed as responsible for human rights violations were: IMSS, ISSSTE, SEP, INM, SEDENA, PGR, Federal Police, SEDESOL, SEMAR and Infonavit. The alleged violations with more impact were 25 for life privation; 39, for enforced disappearance; 57, for torture; 255, for cruel, inhuman or degrading treatments; 2, for summary execution; 318, for arbitrary detention. It is worrying the cases of enforced disappearance rising nearly 180%, from 14 in 2017 to 39 in 2018, whereas those of torture rose from 50 to 57 http://www.cndh.org.mx/sites/all/doc/Comunicados/2019/Com_2019_029.pdf INDEX 7 New Age, No. 311 Press Releases THE CNDH CONDEMNS THE MURDER OF THE DEFENDER SINAR CORZO IN ARRIAGA, CHIAPAS, AND CALLS ON AUTHORITIES OF THAT STATE TO CLARIFY THE CRIME AND PROSECUTE THOSE RESPONSIBLE DGC/004/19 January 4, 2019 The National Commission of Human Rights (CNDH), regard- ing the information at hand, con- demns the murder of the human rights defender, Sinar Corzo, last night in Arriaga, Chiapas, when armed men on a motorcycle shot him near his house. This national body asked the government and the prosecutor of Chiapas to implement precau- tionary measures to protect the family of the defender and those of the organization El Coloso de Piedra, to which he was part of, and to investigate the crime ac- cording to his work. Likewise, it issued the recommendation 18/2015 to the governor of Chi- apas and to the members of the Municipality of Arriaga, for hu- man rights violations against the defender. According to the data of this national body, 41 human rights defenders have been assassinat- ed in the country since 2006. http://www.cndh.org.mx/sites/all/doc/Co- municados/2019/Com_2019_004.pdf INDEX 8 New Age, No. 311 Press Releases IT IS NECESSARY TO GUARANTEE THE RIGHT OF THE INDIGENOUS POPULATION TO GET QUALITY ATTENTION IN THEIR LANGUAGE ON INSTITUTIONS, PROGRAMS AND SERVICES IN A CROSSCUTTING WAY, THE CNDH SAID DGC/021/19 January 18, 2019 The National Commission of Human Rights (CNDH) stresses the need of guaranteeing the rights of indi- genous language population, to get quality attention, to have access to institutions, programs and services in a crosscutting way in order to improve the quality life of peoples and communities and to respect their identity. For this autonomous body, the full recognition of this right is urgent and essential on three fundamen- tal points. First, on processes before institutions on the administration of justice, in order to avoid that the language barrier hinders a correct defense and access to justice. Second, on education spaces to guarantee access to a bilingual and intercultural education by ensuring the respect of their dignity and identity. Fina- lly, on the health system so the medical personnel provides advice on the patients´ language, and at the same time to have a clear view of diseases and to precise the necessary treatment, so they can recover their health. The National Commission of Human Rights considers that indigenous languages are the essence of the continuity for the survival and well-being of the culture of the indigenous peoples, from one generation to the other, because among other things, they promote sustainable development, spe- cifically Goal 4 of the 2030 Agenda, that states: “Ensure inclusive and equi- table quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all”. In this sense, in the frame of the International Year of Indigenous Lan- guages proclaimed by the General Assembly of the United Nations based on resolution A/71/481, the CNDH underlines that indigenous languages and Spanish are national languages. For that reason, they have the same value and importance. Similarly, it warns about the serious loss these lan- guages face, as well as the urgent need of preserving, revitalizing and pro- moting them. http://www.cndh.org.mx/sites/all/doc/Comunicados/2019/Com_2019_021.pdf DGC/012/19 January 11, 2019 The National Commission of Hu- man Rights (CNDH) presented before the diplomatic corps of our country the recommendation 15VG/2018 regarding the facts that took place on September 26 and 27, 2014 in Iguala, Guerre- ro, related to the disappearances of 43 students, which represents the nearest approach to the truth nowadays. This should be consid- THE CNDH PRESENTS BEFORE AMBASSA- DORS AND CONSULS THE RECOMMENDA- TION REGARDING THE IGUALA CASE, AS A RESULT OF A MULTIDISCIPLINARY, COMPREHENSIVE, COMPLETE AND SCIENTIFIC PROBE, WHICH IS THE NEAREST APPROACH TO THE TRUTH ered in the current crime probes, as well as to guide any effort aimed to continue with the probe. Luis Raúl González Pérez, participated in the work table “Case Iguala: The 43 disappeared students in Ayotzinapa”, in the frame of the 30th Annual Meet- ing of Ambassadors and Consuls, in which he was joined by María Martínez Zeferino, mother of Mi- guel Ángel Hernández Martínez, disappeared student from the Ayotzinapa Rural Teachers’ Col- lege “Raúl Isidro Burgos”. This case is the most complex of the last years on the administration of justice and respect to human rights, and the most representa- tive of the reality we face on these areas. http://www.cndh.org.mx/sites/all/doc/Co- municados/2019/Com_2019_012.pdf INDEX 9 New Age, No. 311 Press Releases OVER THE DIFFERENT REACTIONS COMING FROM THE FILING OF A COMPLAINT OF THE EVENTS OCCURRED ON JANUARY 18, IN TLAHUELILPAN, HIDALGO, THE NATIONAL COMMISSION OF HUMAN RIGHTS STATES THE FOLLOWING REMARKS: DGC/025/19 January 21, 2019 The CNDH determined the ope- ning of a complaint file of the case in Tlahuelilpan, Hidalgo, just like it did in other cases, addressing its importance and social impact due to the high number of death and injured people in that case. The above, also because it has found from information coming from the media that federal, state and municipal authorities could have been directly or indirectly involved. The complaint of this national body does not prejudge the exis- tence of human rights violations or over the concrete responsibili- ty of authorities. In order to colla- borate, information has been as- ked to authorities from different levels to know at first hand if they had any intervention on it. Amid these authorities, we can mention the Secretary of the Government of the State of Hidalgo, Mexican Petroleum, and the Ministry of National Defense. Likewise, the CNDH will ask information to other authorities like the Minis- try of Health and the Presidency of the Municipality of Tlahuelil- pan, Hidalgo. The intervention of this natio- nal commission looks for, on one hand, guaranteeing that society, victims and their families know the truth about what happened on January 18; that authorities prosecute the responsible; and that the injured receive the ac- companiment and medical atten- tion they need, avoiding new da- mages. In addition, the goal is to create acting mechanisms or pro- tocols for authorities to avoid, as possible, events as the one occu- rred in Tlahuelilpan, Hidalgo, so they would not be repeated and can be prevented. http://www.cndh.org.mx/sites/all/doc/Co- municados/2019/Com_2019_025.pdf INDEX 10 New Age, No. 311 Press Releases THE CNDH DEMANDS MORE OPENNESS ON THE DIFFUSION OF PERSONAL DATA FROM WHOM VIOLATE HUMAN RIGHTS TO GUARANTEE NO-REPETITION AND TO AVERT THE REDUCTION OF EFFICIENCY OF THE RECOMMENDATIONS OF THIS NATIONAL BODY DGC/032/19 January 28, 2019 The National Commission of Hu- man Rights (CNDH) demanded bigger openness on the diffusion of personal data related to human rights violations so the recom- mendations issued by this natio- nal body can be used for conside- ration and support to redress the path and guarantee the no-repeti- tion of such events. There are still things to be done in the public debate agenda, like discussing the scopes and li- mits of the right to access of in- formation when it has to do with human rights violations, as well as their confrontation to the pro- tection of personal data of people involved in investigations. This last fact has to do mostly with victims and public servants who have received a recommendation for grave violations of human ri- ghts on their acting. During the commemoration event of the Data Protection Day, Luis Raúl González Pérez, na- tional Ombudsperson, highli- ghted that for the CNDH is of major importance the guaran- tee of no-repetition of human rights violations. In that sense, he recommends that the open- ness must be a reality according to Law, because authorities must guarantee the right to truth and preserve the historical memory about the events that have har- med society like grave violations of human rights. http://www.cndh.org.mx/sites/all/doc/Co- municados/2019/Com_2019_032.pdf INDEX 11 New Age, No. 311 Press Releases THE CNDH PRESENTS THE PROGRESS ON THE NORMATIVE HARMONIZATION OF THE RIGHTS OF PERSONS OLDER THAN 60, AND CALLS ON THE MEXICAN GOVERNMENT TO RATIFY THE INTER- AMERICAN CONVENTION ON PROTECTING THE HUMAN RIGHTS OF OLDER PERSONS DGC/035/19 January 31, 2019 The National Commission of Human Rights (CNDH) presented the results of the normative harmonization of federal and state legislation regarding older persons, as a contribution to consolidate a coherent and com- plete legal system. This will facilitates the fulfillment and guarantee of the human rights of that group, will boost the progressivity of the recognition of those rights, as well as, widen and strengthen its protection on all government levels. The CNDH made public the status of the harmonization process of 19 rights of older people like: equality of rights between women and men, non-discrimination because of age, right to work, to social security, to protection by family, to protection to physical and mental health, to education and culture, to economic empowerment, access to justice; to Independence and autonomy, as well as to provide their free and informed consent about health. The results show the need of promoting the harmonization of the federal and state norms to ensure that all persons older than 60 enjoy the same rights and identical protection independently of their age or residence. At the federal level, the National Organism reviewed the laws to prevent and eliminate discrimination of older persons and those related to health and education. It finds out that on average a 59% of them have progress on the harmonization process due to the omission of the recognition of the rights and obligations coming by themselves or that they have been recognized partially. Besides, it was highlighted that none of those norms recognize the right to economic empowerment enshrined on the General Recommendation No. 27 of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, relating to the access of agricultural older women to credit, transportation, and technology. http://www.cndh.org.mx/sites/all/doc/Comunicados/2019/Com_2019_035.pdf INDEX 12 Recommendations New Age, No. 311 Responsible Authority Issue Recommendation Mexican Social Security Institute, Government of the State of Jalisco About the case of violations to the human rights to health protection, to life, to the to the principle of superior interest of the child in detriment of V1 and to access to health information in detriment of V2 and V3, in the Family Medical Unit 19 in Nayarit and in the General Hospital zone 42 in Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, both from the Mexican Social Security Institute, as well as to the right to access to justice in detriment of V2 and V3. RECOMMENDATION No. 1/19 January 31, 2019 http://www.cndh.org.mx/sites/all/doc/ Recomendaciones/2019/Rec_2019_001.pdf Responsible Authority Issue Recommendation Aguascaliente´s General Prosecutor On the investigation of serious violations of human rights to legality, legal security and personal liberty by the arbitrary detention of V1, V3, V4, V5, V8, V9, V14, V15 and V18; to security and personal integrity for acts of torture, in detriment of V3, V4, V5, V8, V9, V10, V11, V12, V13, V14, V15, V16, V18 and V19; to security and personal integrity for cruel, inhuman and / or degrading treatment in detriment of V7 and V17; to personal security and sexual integrity for acts of torture and sexual violence in detriment of V1, V2 RECOMMENDATION No. 17VG/2019 January 31, 2019 http://www.cndh.org.mx/sites/all/doc/ Recomendaciones/ViolacionesGraves/Re- cVG_017.pdf Responsible Authority Issue Recommendation Holders of the Federal and Local Executive Power, Head of Government of Mexico City, Congress of the Union, and Legislative Powers of the Federative Entities of the Mexican Republic. On the protection of the cultural heritage of the indigenous peoples and communities of the Mexican Republic. GENERAL RECOMMENDATION No 35 January 28, 2019 http://www.cndh.org.mx/sites/all/ doc/Recomendaciones/generales/Rec- Gral_035.pdf INDEX 13 Article of the month New Age No. 311 Braille from the first bottle In the Center of Resources of the ONCE de Morata- laz (Madrid) an innovative tool is being developed that promises a revolutionary turn in the process of literacy of all blind kids in the country. There are 400 teachers right now in Spain that have some kid with a visual disability on a learning stage and that after facing difficulties with the rest of the students, had demanded inclusive teaching. Braitico, the system is formed on four differen- tiated modules to advance by ages, and also in line with the materials used for teaching and deepening in the mind of the blind: from sheets and prints, to braille display, Perkins machine and the computer. The purpose with Braitico is to make the minors to get the concepts of the reality around them sin- ce they are born, and along with the teacher, codify that spatial dimension by reading, in words throu- gh braille almost instantaneously and naturally. An example is, «You are teaching a blind kid to read the word “wolf”, without knowing what it is because he had never seen it. Therefore, the kid says with tradi- tional teaching, “You tell me that the wolf has four paws, and I believe you, because I have never seen it”. By reading the term they do not understand it, the learning is hard for them». What Braitico pro- motes is to touch the «wolf» since they are babies: with drawings, color games, reliefs and textures, and from 2 and 3 years old, with a special software. https://www.abc.es/sociedad/abci-braille-desde-primer-bibe- ron-201801152129_noticia.html Book of the month Indigenous Peoples, Human Rights and Global Interdependence Patricia (coord.) Morales Number of pages: 282 pages. Binding: Soft cover Publisher: SIGLO XXI (MEXICO) Language: CASTILIAN ISBN: 9789682322921 This publication offers anthropological, philosophical and cultural contributions that match on promoting a multicultural dialogue be- nefiting indigenous peoples, supported on the universal language of human rights. Fundamental international documents are reviewed in it, such as the Convention 169 of the ILO, Chapter 26 of the Agenda 21, Human rights instruments of the United Nations and particularly the Declara- tion on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. https://latam.casadellibro.com/libro-pueblos-indigenas-derechos-humanos-e-interdepen- dencia-global/9789682322921/818629 INDEX INDEX President Luis Raúl González Pérez First General Visitor Ismael Eslava Pérez Second General Visitor Enrique Guadarrama López Third General Visitor Ruth Villanueva Castilleja Fourth General Visitor María Eréndira Cruzvillegas Fuentes Fifth General Visitor Edgar Corzo Sosa Sixth General Visitor Jorge Ulises Carmona Tinoco Executive Secretary Consuelo Olvera Treviño Technical Secretary of the AdvisorCouncil Joaquín Narro Lobo The CNDH Defends and protects your rights Newsletter Periférico Sur 3469, Col. San Jerónimo Lídice, Alcaldía Magdalena Contreras, C. P. 10200, Ciudad de México. Teléfonos (55) 56 81 81 25 y 54 90 74 00, Lada sin costo 01800 715 2000 cndh.org.mx Executive Secretary Blvd. Adolfo López Mateos, 1922, 1er piso, Col. Tlacopac, Alcaldía Álvaro Obregón, C. P. 01049, Ciudad de México. Teléfono: (52 55) 17 19 20 00, ext. 8058 Lada sin costo: 01 800 715 2000 Correspondencia: [email protected]

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