October, 2017 New Age, No. 296

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Summary of October, 2017 New Age, No. 296

Newslwtter October, 2017 New Age, No. 296 Index The voice of the President ....... 3 Event of the month .................. 5 Press Releases .......................... 5 Recommendations ................... 8 Article of the month ................ 9 Book of the month ................... 9 Carta de Novedades, Nueva Época, No. 278, octubre 2017, es una Publicación mensual editada por la Comisión Na- cional de los Derechos Humanos, Periférico Sur 3469, Col. San Jerónimo Lídice, Delegación Magdalena Contreras, C. P. 10200, Ciudad de México, Teléfonos (55) 56 81 81 25 y 54 90 74 00, Lada sin costo 01800 715 2000, www.cndh.org. mx. Editor responsable: Secretaría Ejecutiva, CNDH. Lic. Héctor Daniel Dávalos MArtínez. Reserva de Derechos al Uso Exclusivo No. 04-2015-050410012300-203, otorgada por el Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor, ISSN: en trámite. Responsable de la última actualización de este Número, Secretaría Ejecutiva, CNDH, Lic. Juan Carlos Vi- llalobos López, Blvd. Adolfo López Mateos, 1922, 1er piso, Col. Tlacopac, Delegación Álvaro Obregón, C. P. 01049, Ciudad de México, fecha de la última modificación 31 de octubre de 2017. Las opiniones expresadas por los autores no necesariamente reflejan la postura del editor de la publicación. Queda prohibida la reproducción total o parcial de los contenidos e imágenes de la publicación sin previa autoriza- ción de la Comisión Nacional de los Derechos Humanos. 3 Remarks made by Mr. Luis Raúl González Pérez, President of the CNDH, during the presen- tation of “The National Commission of Human Rights Diagnosis, as member of the working group that follow up the procedures of the Alerts of Women Gender Violence” October 24, 2017 Despite of the unquestionable ad- vances that Mexico have achieved since some years ago, regarding the recognition and respect to women rights, unfortunately in our society violence against them remains constant. In addition, it is frequently a sufficient cause to deprive a person of its life just by the fact of being woman. Violence against women cons- titute one of the most facts that ne- gatively affect human rights’ res- pect and validity in our country. Moreover, it infringes the bases of pacific coexistence among peo- ple and affects our social structu- re. When authority directly exer- cises violence, it infringes human rights, but can also do that by ne- gligence, omission or incapability because it fails to ensure the mi- nimum and reasonable levels for the protection of women´s rights. Those rights include life; their physical, mental and emotional integrity; equality and freedom; to be free from discrimination; to exercise civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights; as well as to have a life free of violence, among others. In this task to ensure and va- lidate women rights, the stren- gthening of the mechanisms of protection and defense of them, as well as the operation of public policies of prevention, attention, sanction and eradication of gen- der violence, become priority is- sues. We have never count with a normative framework and with a broad institutional structure as the current one for the protection of women´s rights. Nevertheless, we do not fulfill or accomplish the law in a proper manner. In addition, the effective access to justice is limited, the tasks of pre- vention do not achieve the expec- ted results, and the violence facts are frequently present in our li- ves or remain unpunished. In this context, this National Organism has considered re- viewing and reconsidering the Alert of Gender Violence against Women, which is a mechanism stablished by the General Law for Women Access to a Life free of violence. This norm has as its main objective to accompli- sh with the major opportunity, effectiveness and completion to ensure women security and to stop violence against them. In its current terms, the results are not the desired ones. Furthermore, its operative dynamics detract effectiveness and efficiency to its implementation. As the first step, in this neces- sary task of review and adapta- tion, we are presenting today the Diagnosis of the National Com- mission of Human Rights, as member of the working groups that follow up the procedures of the Alert for Gender Violence against Women. The document recovers and presents the ex- perience of this National Orga- nism’s in the monitoring of 28 procedures that take action in our country. The goal of the diag- nosis is to provide useful topics based on this experience to pro- voke a broad, plural, informed and proactive debate regarding the Alert of Gender Violence against Women and its advocacy, as its incidence as a mechanism used to confront this serious is- sue in the different entities of the country. Beyond the use of this reacti- ve mechanism to tackle violence against women, we should enfor- ce preventive actions as we ad- dress- from an objective perspec- tive- the problems that in practice research and law enforcement en- counter on the matter. Research units with gender perspective met issues for its consolidation and the penal figure of femicide is hardly accredited and investi- gated, so it has to be strengthen, not by an increment of sanctions or aggravating factors, but as an effective path for indirect victims to access justice. The disparity between the number of homicides against women and the number of pre- liminary investigations tracking femicide is a current situation aggravated due to the lack of ac- curate and clear data about the murders against women and be- fore the little operational capa- city of the National Information and Data Bank about the cases of Violence against Women (BA- NAVIM, in Spanish). This bank should store accurate, updated and accessible information about the 32 federative entities and go- vernment offices of the country. Frequently, newspaper sources allow us to reconstruct with more precision the femicide violence that prevails in any entity, even though authorities aim the res- ponsibility to gather information and make it accessible to society. Regardless the resources and time intended to this issue, it is not clear if the guidelines and protocols in regard prevention and attention of violence against women has been accomplished and totally applied. Furthermo- re, it is hard to say if every pu- blic servant has received pro- perly training in order for them to act under gender perspective. In addition, we cannot say if the control, monitoring and assess- ments systems that have been stablished for these effects are truly operative. Likewise, it is ne- cessary to provide with sufficient The voice of the President New Age, No. 296 INDEX 4 New Age, No. 296 The voice of the President budget the different involved offices in the field for the correct implementation of the laws and so authorities can be able to exer- cise fully their powers. Ladies and gentleman: Under the complex insecurity and violence problem faced by our country, the situation con- fronted by women is particular- ly relevant and require of urgent attention. Evaluating and upda- ting the Alert of Violence against Women is a needed and useful action that should be done with other actions in order to achieve the effective prevention of this conducts. The above will allow that when violence is used, the government will investigate and sanction the actions in this con- text. In case of violence against wo- men, indifference and silence are the worst enemies, but overall, impunity. To visualize, denoun- ce and punish this cases are clue elements for prevention and era- dication. The fact that women en- joy a life free of violence should be an effective right and not an aspiration as actually is for many Mexican women. We can only say that human rights are truly valid in our country, when we achieve to stop violence against women and in the moment in which their rights are respected and when they enjoy of effective guarantees. Now, Elsa de Guadalupe Con- de Rodríguez, General Director of the Program on Women Affairs and equality between Women and Men of the CNDH, will exp- lain the content of the Diagnostic and will describe the proposals referred in it. Thank you. http://www.cndh.org.mx/sites/all/doc/ Participacion/24102017_01.pdf INDEX 5 New Age, No. 296 Event of the month MEXICO AND USA SHOULD JOINTLY ASSIST THE MIGRATORY PHENOMENON, BECAUSE IT IS AN ISSUE THAT IMPLIES CO- RESPONSIBILITY, THE NATIONAL OMBUDSMAN SUSTAINS October 30, 2017 The National Ombudsman opened the temporary exhibition of 84 posters related with “Migration and Human Rights”, at the Gates of the Chapultepec forest. He underlined that the aim of this exposition is to raise awareness in society and authorities upon the migratory phenomenon, as well as those cases in which individuals want to stay in Mexico and obtain the status of refugee, due to the existing violence in their home countries, and in which their lives are in risk. He noted that they should be provided with all relevant information on the topic to exercise their rights, before returning them to their country. He added that the Migratory phenomenon should be jointly attend by Mexico and the United States of America, since the national States committed themselves- at the World Summit conducted on September 2016 at the UN through the “New York Declaration” for Refugees and Migrants-, to assist migration as a co-responsibility topic. In addition, he highlighted that in the subject there should exist coherence in authorities while atten- ding people who enter to Mexico by the southern border. Since we demand a humanitarian face to the north for our co-nationals, we should also reflect it to those who are coming mainly from Central America. In that sense, he urged the Federal Government to attend this policy by a human rights perspective. “We have good laws, we should fulfill them”, he assured. He highlighted the situation that non-accompanied minors in context of migration face and underlined that they should not be on migratory stations, but in appropriate shelters, for which he required authori- ties to be aware of this issue. http://www.cndh.org.mx/sites/all/doc/Comunicados/2017/Com_2017_357.pdf THE NATIONAL OMBUDSMAN DEPLORES THE EXCESSIVE USE OF FORCE IN CATALUÑA AND WISHES THAT IN THAT SITUATION PREVAILS THE DEMOCRATIC CONSTITUTIONAL STATE AND THE HUMAN RIGHTS PROTECTION DGC/326/17 October 7, 2017 The National Commission of Hu- man Rights (CNDH) deplores the facts occurred last October 1st at the province of Catalonia, as a consequence of the excessive use of force by the Spanish police against the population, which ai- med to stop the Catalan indepen- dence referendum. The national Ombudsman, Luis Raúl González Pérez, ad- dressed the last October 3 a letter to Mr. José Francisco Fernández Marugán, Spain acting ombuds- person, and another one to Ra- fael Ribó Massó, Ombudsman of Catalonia. In both documents, he let them know his wish for dia- log and conciliation between the Spanish Government and the po- pulation of Catalonia. González Pérez underlines the importance that both parts ma- nage to reach an agreement for the development of a pacific coe- Press Releases xistence in which the Democratic Constitutional State prevails and, thus, Human Rights respect and protection. http://www.cndh.org.mx/sites/all/doc/Co- municados/2017/Com_2017_326.pdf INDEX 6 New Age, No. 296 Press Releases At the World Food Day, the Na- tional Commission of Human Ri- ghts (CNDH) warns authorities of the three levels of government about the risk that human rights are dealing with while there are 27 million of people in Mexico li- ving in food poverty. Furthermo- re, actually there are two more million people living in Mexico who are now on a poverty con- text, the total amount increase from 53.3 to 55.3 between 2012 and 2015. THE CNDH WARNS ABOUT THE RISK THAT HUMAN RIGHTS ARE DEALING WITH WHILE THERE ARE 27 MILLION OF PEOPLE LIVING IN FOOD POVERTY, AND CALLS TO REALIZE THE RIGHT TO FOOD DGC/340/17 October 16, 2017 Against this backdrop, the CNDH highlights that in the context of the respect, protection and realization of the human right to food, the starting point is the fulfillment of a minimum essential level needed structure that can protect people against hunger. For that, we need to adopt legislative, administrative, legal and judicial measures so that all can exercise the right to food. THE CNDH HIGHLIGHTS THE PERSISTENCE OF DISCRIMINATION IN THE COUNTRY BY PHYSICAL APPEARANCE, SKIN COLOR, AND ETHICAL ORIGIN, WHICH AFFECTS -AMONG OTHERS- PEOPLE OF INDIGENOUS ORIGINS AND AFRO DESCENDANTS DGC/343/17 October 19, 2017 In the context of the National Day against Discri- mination and the Day of the Mexican Black African People who are from Oaxaca, the National Commis- sion of Human Rights (CNDH) alerts that discrimi- nation is a situation that both, people of indigenous origins and afro descendants, confront frequently. This can be because of their physical appearance, skin color and ethnic origin, a context that impede them to make effective their fundamental rights. In this sense, the CNDH endorse its urgent re- quirement in order to recognize afro-descendants´ and indigenous people´s constitutional rights, due that exclusion and invisibility are discrimination signs. In regard of indigenous peoples and commu- nities, the CNDH highlights the lack of a specific law on previous consultation. Also it highlights the non- compliance from the different levels of the go- vernment on the respect of the human rights that these communities have in terms of extractive or large scale projects, that may entail profound affec- tations to their prerogatives without allowing their fundamental rights full exercise, and leaving them in a vulnerable situation. http://www.cndh.org.mx/sites/all/doc/Comunicados/2017/ Com_2017_343.pdf http://www.cndh.org.mx/sites/all/doc/Comuni- cados/2017/Com_2017_340.pdf_2017_340.pdf INDEX 7 New Age, No. 296 Press Releases THE CNDH HIGHLIGHTED THAT WE ALL MAY RECOGNIZE THE TRADITIONAL INDIGENOUS MEDICINE AND INCORPORATE AN INTERCULTURAL APPROACH IN THE NATIONAL HEALTH SYSTEM DGC/347/17 October 22, 2017 The National Commission of Hu- man Rights (CNDH) points out that even though we have made advances in the reduction of po- verty in our country, there are still 19.1 million of people lacking health services access, situation that impedes them the full exer- cise of their fundamental rights. Likewise, the CONEVAL un- derlines that seven out of ten people that talk an indigenous language are on a context of po- verty, which prejudice them in the access of a health system. Ac- cording to the 2015 Intercensal survey made by the INEGI, in the country, fifteen out of 100 indi- genous languages talkers are in this health system. The most vul- nerable in non-affiliation terms are males because 57.7% lack of it, against a 45.3%, which represents women. In this sense, the National Organism emphasizes that we should recognize tra- ditional indigenous medicine as a pillar for the health protection and assistance. Never- theless, frequently this discipline is underesti- mated and people who practice it are discri- minated and isolated from the health system. In occasion of the Traditional Medicine World Day- October 22-, the CNDH expresses, that traditional indigenous medicine is the sole resource that people of many communities can count with, despite of the increasing number of people who is affilia- ted to the public institutions and to the Popular Insurance. http://www.cndh.org.mx/sites/all/doc/Co- municados/2017/Com_2017_347.pdf ADDRESSING THE RECOMMENDATIONS THAT THE UN HAS MADE TO THE MEXICAN STATE, IS THE BEST WAY TO COMMEMORATE THE UNITED NATIONS DAY, CNDH AFFIRMS DGC/350/17 October 24, 2017 In the context of the United Na- tions Day commemoration, the National Commission of Human Rights (CNDH) considers that the nations´ peace and security cons- titutes the basic axis to sustaina- ble development, at celebrating the validity of the United Nations Charter, which is 72 years old. Among the challenges and ris- ks faced by humanity, there are 836 million of people living in extreme poverty. Another cha- llenge is the water waste shortage that affects 40% of the world´s po- pulation, besides the important biodiversity loss as a cause of the high worldwide levels of pollu- tion. To the National Organism another indignant and urgent situation to overcome, is the lack of acknowledgement of the half world’s population of their full recognition´s rights as the poor access to opportunities for their development because of the very fact of being women. According to human rights´ respect and persons´ dignity ful- filment, the National Organism calls the Mexican State to accom- plish the recommendations ad- dressed by the United Nations´ High Commissioner for Human Rights. It also confirms its com- mitment to observe and promote the principles of the fundamental rights, as well as, peace and se- curity that are the basic axis to sustainable development in our country. For its part, and because it is a National Human Rights Insti- tution (INDH), the CNDH mo- nitors the fulfillment of the 2030 United Nations Sustainable De- velopment Agenda under a hu- man rights perspective, aiming to eradicate poverty and inequa- lities and to achieve the respect of human dignity for all. http://www.cndh.org.mx/sites/all/doc/Co- municados/2017/Com_2017_350.pdf INDEX 8 New Age, No. 296 Recommendations Responsible Authority Issue Recommendation General Directorate of the Mexican Institute of Social Security About the case of violations of the rights to health protection and a life free of obstetric violence in detriment of V1, and about the violations to the right of life in ag- gravation of V2, in the Hospital de Gineco-Pediatría 3-A, of the Mexi- can Institute of Social Insurance , in Mexico City. RECOMMENDATION No. 48/2017 October 19, 2017 http://www.cndh.org.mx/sites/all/doc/ Recomendaciones/2017/Rec_2017_048.pdf Responsible Authority Issue Recommendation General Directorate of the Mexican Institute of Social Security About the case of violations to the human rights of health and life in detriment of V1, in the General Hospital of Zone 36 of the Mexican Institute of Social Security in Coat- zacoalcos, Veracruz. RECOMMENDATION No. 50/2017 October 19, 2017 http://www.cndh.org.mx/sites/all/doc/ Recomendaciones/2017/Rec_2017_050.pdf Responsible Authority Issue Recommendation National Institute of Migration About the case of violation to the human right of legal certainty, privacy, and to child best interest in detriment of 17 adolescents detained at the migration station at Puebla´s state. RECOMMENDATION No. 51/2017 October 24, 2017 http://www.cndh.org.mx/sites/all/doc/ Recomendaciones/2017/Rec_2017_051.pdf Responsible Authority Issue Recommendation Mexican Institute of Social Security About the case of human rights violations to the protection of health of V1 and V2, and to the life of V2, and of access to health information of V1 and V2, in the General Hospital of Zone 194 in Naucalpan , State of Mexico, as well as in the General Hospital of Zone 2a “Troncoso” in Mexico City, both of the Mexican Institute of Social Security. RECOMMENDATION No. 49/2017 October 19, 2017 http://www.cndh.org.mx/sites/all/doc/ Recomendaciones/2017/Rec_2017_049.pdf INDEX 9 Article of the month New Age, No. 296 UN warns that 6.5% of the worldwide population will be in extreme poverty at 2030 The slow global grow rate will provoke that 6.5% of the population will be in an extreme poverty situa- tion by 2030, according to the United Nation´s pro- jections. The fact that 550 million of people will be in extreme poverty, will make that the internatio- nal community unaccomplished the principle of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG). The UN Report “Funding for Development; pro- gress and perspectives”, points out that, under the current tendencies, it is probable that the less deve- loped countries (LDC) will be behind by large mar- gins at the SDG’s accomplishment. In addition, Guterres warned upon that conflicts are spreading, and other global tendencies such as climate change, food security and water shortage are endangering the achieved progress in the last decades. Some projections shows that the Gross World Product will grow less than 3.0% during the next couple of years, with a slow rate at the interna- tional trade. Likewise, the world economy expan- ded 2% annually from 2011 to 2014, before it decrea- se in 10% at 2015. http://noticieros.televisa.com/ultimas-noticias/internacio- nal/2017-05-22/onu-advierte-que-6-5-mundo-estara-pobreza-extre- ma-2030/ NATURAL DISASTERS IN LATIN AMERICA José Lugo Hubp; Moshe Inbar Nº of Pages: 501 Pages. Binding: Hard Cover Editorial: S. L. Economic Culture Fund of Spain Language: Castilian Isbn: 9789681664008 The authors of this book offer us detailed aspects about what is a na- tural disaster, its location, background, evolution and the description of this phenomenon. In addition, they describe us its consequences at natural and human environment. The lector, whichever its social position in society, will find out that the human being can confront the things that seems discouraging, and within the possibilities, we could overcome the rawness of the environment that surrounds us. https://mx.casadellibro.com/libro-desastres-naturales-en-america-lati- na/9789681664008/902666 Book of the month INDEX President Luis Raúl González Pérez First General Visitor Ismael Eslava Pérez Second General Visitor Enrique Guadarrama López Third General Visitor Ruth Villanueva Castilleja Fourth General Visitor Norma Inés Aguilar León Fifth General Visitor Edgar Corzo Sosa Sixth General Visitor Jorge Ulises Carmona Tinoco Executive Secretary Consuelo Olvera Treviño Technical Secretary of the AdvisorCouncil Joaquín Narro Lobo The CNDH Defends and protects your rights Newsletter Periférico Sur 3469, Col. San Jerónimo Lídice, Delegación Magdalena Contreras, C. P. 10200, Ciudad de México. Teléfonos (55) 56 81 81 25 y 54 90 74 00, Lada sin costo 01800 715 2000 cndh.org.mx Executive Secretary Blvd. Adolfo López Mateos, 1922, 1er piso, Col. Tlacopac, Delegación Álvaro Obregón, C. P. 01049, Ciudad de México. Teléfono: (52 55) 17 19 20 00, ext. 8058 Fax: (52 55) 17 19 21 53. Lada sin costo: 01 800 715 2000 Correspondencia: [email protected] INDEX

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