September, 2016 New Age, No. 283

September, 2016 New Age, No. 283 (PDF)

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Summary of September, 2016 New Age, No. 283

Newsletter September, 2016 New Age, No. 283 Index The voice of the President ....... 3 Event of the month .................. 4 Press Releases .......................... 5 Recommendations ................... 9 Article of the month .............. 10 Book of the month ................. 11 Carta de Novedades, Nueva Época, No. 283, septiembre 2016, es una Publicación mensual editada por la Comisión Nacional de los Derechos Humanos, Periférico Sur 3469, Col. San Jerónimo Lídice, Delegación Magdalena Contre- ras, C. P. 10200, Ciudad de México, Teléfonos (55) 56 81 81 25 y 54 90 74 00, Lada sin costo 01800 715 2000, www. Editor responsable: Secretaría Ejecutiva, CNDH. Lic. Héctor Daniel Dávalos MArtínez. Reserva de Derechos al Uso Exclusivo No. 04-2015-050410012300-203, otorgada por el Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor, ISSN: en trámite. Responsable de la última actualización de este Número, Secretaría Ejecutiva, CNDH, Lic. Juan Carlos Villalobos López, Blvd. Adolfo López Mateos, 1922, 1er piso, Col. Tlacopac, Delegación Álvaro Obregón, C. P. 01049, Ciudad de México, fecha de la última modificación 30 de septiembre de 2016. Las opiniones expresadas por los autores no necesariamente reflejan la postura del editor de la publicación. Queda prohibida la reproducción total o parcial de los contenidos e imágenes de la publicación sin previa autoriza- ción de la Comisión Nacional de los Derechos Humanos. 3 THE CNDH CALLS UPON SOCIETY AND AUTHORITIES TO WORK JOINTLY TOWARDS PEA- CE IN THE COUNTRY, WITH A VIEW TO MAKE VALUES EFFECTIVE SUCH AS JUSTICE, EQUALITY AND FREEDOM September 21ST, International Day of Peace The National Human Rights Commission (CNDH) considers that the critical juncture that are having the human rights in the country increases the priority on working together as authori- ties and society in order to avoid violence that is arising in some areas of the country, seeking that through peace another values such as justice, equality and free- dom should be achieved. While recognizing that our country does not faces war con- flicts against another nation, the International Day of Peace that is celebrated today, September 21st, is an appropriate occasion to work towards no-violence and in favor of people’s dignity recogni- tion. In this sense, the CNDH em- phasizes human rights full exer- cise and respect to people’s digni- ty as an unavoidable condition for any country development, for its inhabitants, and in order to stren- gthen the values we aspire. Enforced disappearances, tor- ture, arbitrary executions, illegal detentions, human trafficking, abuses against migrants, grievan- ces and assaults to journalists and human rights defenders, as well as absences and wrongdoings within the penitentiary system, among other issues, besides in- fringing upon people’s dignity, weakens the State, divides society and brakes on the national project for which we should be working together. We must not be indifferent to the violations of human rights or resign. Our individual and co- llective future is at jeopardy, as well as of our descendants and of the society of which we are part. Hence, the need to adopt a huma- nist vision allowing us to sympa- thize with others and to recogni- ze challenges to be met in a spirit of solidarity. The CNDH reiterates the need to work towards achieving pea- ce, not just in terms of violence absence, but as a way of solving conflicts between people. Human rights validity is possible when there is peace, without it, there cannot be justice, nor comprehen- sive development could exist wi- thin society. Peace is an objective towards whose achievement not only concern authorities, because it is a process that should be sta- ted through the nation’s inhabi- tant’s commitment. This commemorative day es- tablished on 1981 by the United Nations General Assembly, Re- solution 36/67, and in 2001 by the Resolution 55/282, where the Ge- neral Assembly decided through consensus to appoint this com- memoration as a workshop that urges the no violence and cease- fire. Through the adoption of 2030 Agenda for the development, UN countries members committed to eliminate poverty, to protect the planet and to ensure prosperity to all persons. Thus, these goals final purpose is to achieve peace and thereof development, mutua- lly strengthen elements, in order to accomplish “Sustainable Deve- lopment Objectives: constituent elements of peace”. municados/2016/Com_2016_237.pdf The voice of the President New Age, No. 283 INDEX 4 New Age, No. 283 Event of the month UNESCO IN MEXICO AND THE CNDH SIGNED A LETTER OF INTENT TO ENCOURAGE CULTURAL RIGHTS PROMOTION AND DEVELOPMENT September 28th, 2016 The United Nations Organization for Education, Science and Culture (UNESCO) in México and the Natio- nal Human Rights Commission (CNDH), which both are defenders of human rights protection, promotion and safeguarding, joined efforts to encourage diverse initiatives upon culture rights scope as essential faci- litators of other human rights effective exercise. These cooperation efforts between UNESCO in México and the CNDH are part of the efforts that are be- ing made in our country upon the implementation of the 2030 United Nations Agenda and the Sustainable Development Objectives, which makes constant reference to human rights and are crosscutting principles of it. Nuria Sanz, Director and UNESCO Representative in México, together with Luis Raúl González Pérez, President of the CNDH, signed the Letter of Intent allowing joint initiatives development in order to outline guidelines, stablish recommendations and to associate international, conceptual and technical frameworks that will address public policies about cultural human rights. Likewise, this letter will bring the essential basic items on the design of methodologies that will contri- bute to reinforce the institutional capacities on cultural rights. INDEX 5 New Age, No. 283 Press Releases During the visit of the ICHR, a panel discussion took place with the participation of the CNDH as well as heads of autonomous bo- dies of human rights and judges from the Inter-American Court. Attended by the President of the IHR Court, Roberto F. Cal- das; the National Ombudsman, Luis Raúl González Pérez: Felipe de Jesús Martínez Rodarte, Pre- sident of the Mexican Federation of Public Organizations for the Protection of Human Rights; Vi- cepresident of the IHR Court, Ju- dge Eduardo Ferrer Mac-Gregor Poisot, judge Eduardo Vío Grossi and the judge Humberto Antonio Sierra Porto, as well as the Secre- tary, Pablo Saavedra Alesandri, experiences and juridical criteria of high relevance were exchan- ged to guide those in charge of public defense and safeguard of human rights. From this dialogue, and in the framework of the General and Specific Collaboration Agree- ments, signed by the CNDH and the IHR Court on 2015, the ins- titutions agreed to encourage a specialized training program ac- cording with international rigo- rous standards. Furthermore, the IHR Court will provide to perso- nal of the states’ Human Rights Commissions and CNDH this knowledge. Among the training topics, it was considered deepening on the following: serious violations to human rights, full reparation for harm, arbitrary executions, tor- ture, enforced disappearances and human trafficking. At the same time, it will be emphasi- zed the treatment of groups that are in a vulnerable situation. Comunicados/2016/Com_2016_226.pdf COLABORATIVE RELATIONS BETWEEN THE INTER-AMERICAN HUMAN RIGHTS COURT, THE NATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION AND THE MEXICAN FEDERATION OF PUBLIC ORGANIZATIONS FOR THE PROTECTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS ARE REINFORCED CGCP/226/16 September 6th, 2016 INDEX 6 New Age, No. 283 Press Releases CNDH AND AEROMEXICO ALLIANCE DGC/228/16 September 9th, 2016 The CNDH, by its National Cam- paign on Human Trafficking Pre- vention, informed to the popula- tion, mainly to adolescents, about the risks that implies accepting uncertain and dangerous senti- mental or labor invitations or pro- posals, and what does it involves not looking beyond appearances. Thanks to AEROMEXICO’s awareness and collaboration, company which had expressed interest upon supporting fight against human trafficking, since the month of July the CNDH’s TV spot named “Take care of your- self, go beyond appearances”, has been transmitted on its aircrafts screens. As result of the alliance be- tween the CNDH, AEROMEXI- CO and “1on1 against Slavery Movement” a joint front will be consolidated to stop possible hu- man trafficking by air transpor- tation, through a short and long term strategy that will cover pre- ventive messages dissemination, airline staff training, guidelines implementation for detection of possible victims to be relocated, in order to get denounces for re- levant authorities. municados/2016/Com_2016_228.pdf THE CNDH HIGHLIGHTS THE IMPORTANCE OF THE APPROPIATE MANAGEMENT AND CONTROL OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES THAT ARE DESTROYING THE OZONE LAYER DGC/232/16 September 16th, 2016 To reflect the fact that production and usage of different chemical substances, mainly the ones used by old refrigeration systems and air conditioning, have caused se- rious damages to the atmosphere, among them the ozone layer di- sappearance in the southern part of the planet and the increasing of UV radiation, the international community adopted in 1987 the “Montreal Protocol on substances that deplete the ozone layer”. Mexico is part of this interna- tional instrument which aims to control the cited substances usa- ge, as well as to create permissible terms and production levels and consumption. At the International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer framework, the National Human Rights Com- mission considers that in the context of en- joying the right to a healthy environment, the appropriate mana- gement and control of chemical substances that deplete the ozone layer are part of the conditions that ensure a healthy and dignified life for the population. Likewise, the CNDH calls upon authorities, that within their powers scope, contribute in a coordinate way to attend com- mitments under Montreal Proto- col and its amendments, and that this will contribute to achieve the goals of the 2030 Agenda for the Sustainable Development and to ensure that the human right to a healthy environment and other involved human rights should be respected. municados/2016/Com_2016_232.pdf INDEX 7 New Age, No. 283 Press Releases THE CNDH REQUESTS TO IMPLEMENT PRECAUTIONARY MEASURES TO THE NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR MIGRATION, AUTHORITIES OF BAJA CALIFORNIA GOVERNMENT, TO MUNICIPAL PRESIDENT OF TIJUANA, FACING THE INCREASING OF NATIONAL AND FOREIGN MIGRATORY FLOWS DGC/233/16 September 17th, 2016 Since last July 17th of this year, personnel of the CNDH has con- sistently documented the increa- se on the flows of persons that are on a migratory context and that are arriving to Tijuana, Baja Ca- lifornia in order to request the US authorities, through the interna- tional border of San Isidro, inter- national protection in the United States of America. Specifically, last September 12th it was noted the presence of 1,100 people, among them 300 were Mexicans that mentioned that they abandoned their place of origin because of circumstan- ces of violence, and others of fo- reign origin conformed by fami- lies and vulnerable groups. Likewise, it was learned by a press release published on 13th of this month, the arrival of at least 2,000 Haitians migrants to Tijua- na, Baja California, who are wai- ting to obtain sheets from the US government in order to apply for humanitarian visa. Due to the increase of appli- cants that are in need of staying in Mexican territory while their wait for their interests; it was warned that they did not count with the minimum requirements for their stay and safety while the time they are waiting for their inter- views. Thus the National Human Rights Commission (CNDH) re- quested to the National Institute of Migration (INM), as well as to different authorities of Baja Cali- fornia State Government and to the Municipal President of Tijua- na, to adopt urgent precautionary measures in favor of these per- sons who face a risk because of the vulnerable situation in which they are. Therefore, the CNDH reques- ted to the competent authorities that in a coordinate manner and according to the powers, instruct measures in order to provide tem- porary shelter to foreign popula- tion and nationals who are living in the streets; that in the available shelters these people must be pro- vided with food, assistance; was- hing, medical and psychological care, in order to provide them with appropriate attention, main- ly to vulnerable groups, with full respect to their dignity and hu- man rights. Also, the CNDH requested to implement the needed actions that will provide public safety, while these persons stay in the city of Tijuana and also asked the authorities to notify in a period of not less than 24 hours precautio- nary measures acceptance. municados/2016/Com_2016_233.pdf INDEX 8 New Age, No. 283 Press Releases THE CNDH UPDATES THE DIAGNOSTIC FIGURES ON HUMAN TRAFFICKING SITUATION IN MEXICO DGC/240/16 September 23rd, 2016 In August 2014, the National Hu- man Rights Commission pre- sented the Diagnostic on the si- tuation of Human Trafficking in Mexico, in order to contribute to human rights observance in the country, to warn public opinion towards this crime existence, about its roots and damages that are caused to victims, as well as to raise awareness among all so- ciety segments about the urgency of joining efforts in order to fight against human trafficking. With the purpose of updating the data, the CNDH requested information to the 32 local procu- rators’ offices, as to the Attorney General’s Office (SEIDO y FE- VIMTRA), in order to learn more about the reported progress that has been made within the pursuit of justice and law enforcement, as well as the profile of the victims and criminals and the informa- tion about where they come from. From the information obtai- ned it was observed that out of 1,458 preliminary investigations that were initiated within local scope, 27% resulted into provi- sions and only 18.4% in convicting sentences, with a total amount of 108 persons sentenced. At federal scope, the PGR observed 571 pre- liminary investigations initiated, with an average of 15.9% in provi- sions and 1.9% within convicting sentences, with a total amount of 12 persons sentenced. It was highlighted that the fe- derative entities with the greater number preliminary investiga- tions initiated are Puebla with 375, Chiapas 315, México City 113, Oaxaca118 and Baja Califor- nia Norte and the State of México with 95 each, representing 76% of the total amount initiated at the local scope. In these states it was observed that only México City has an important number of sen- tences, with 167. . municados/2016/Com_2016_240.pdf INDEX 9 New Age, No. 283 Recommendations Responsible Authority Issue Recommendation Ministry of Navy About the case of violations to the right of liberty and of personal se- curity, of the inviolability of home, of personal integrity, and access to justice in grievance of V1, V2, V3, V4, V5, V6 and V7, as well as tortu- re of V7, in San Luis Potosí state. RECOMMENDATION No. 43/ 2016 September 14th, 2016 Recomendaciones/2016/Rec_2016_043.pdf Responsible Authority Issue Recommendation XL City council of Santiago Ixcuintla, Nayarit About the impugnation appeal against the XL City Council of Santiago Ixcuintla, Nayarit, by compliance failure upon the Re- commendation 01/2014, issued by the Human Rights Protection Com- mission of Nayarit state, in V1 case. RECOMMENDATION No. 45/ 2016 September 29th, 2016 Recomendaciones/2016/Rec_2016_045.pdf Responsible Authority Issue Recommendation Constitutional Government of Sonora state About the violations to Human Rights of Legal Certainty and to personal freedom by an arbitrary detention of V, by the penitentiary personnel of Sonora state. RECOMMENDATION No. 44/ 2016 September 29th, 2016 Recomendaciones/2016/Rec_2016_044. pdf Responsible Authority Issue Recommendation Guerrero State Governor About the case of obstetric violen- ce perpetrated against V1, inade- quate medical care in detriment of V1 and V2, and the right of life in detriment of V1, at the General Hospital of Ometepec, under the Ministry of Health of the state of Guerrero. RECOMMENDATION No. 46/2016 September 30th, 2016 Recomendaciones/2016/Rec_2016_046.pdf Responsible Authority Issue Recommendation Mexican Social Security Institute (IMSS) About the case of violation to the rights of health protection and life by obstetric violence, in grievance of V1 and V2, at the rural hospital 32 of IMSS in Ocosingo, Chiapas. RECOMMENDATION No. 47 /2016 September 30th, 2016 Recomendaciones/2016/Rec_2016_047.pdf INDEX 10 New Age, No. 283 Recommendations Responsible Authority Issue Recommendation Constitutional Government of the Free and Sovereign State of Morelos, the Attorney General’s Office of the Free and Sovereign State of Morelos, Cuautla Municipality, Morelos. About the case of violation to Right of Access to Justice by inappropria- te pursuit of justice and violation to Right of Truth, regarding with the irregular burial of 119 bodies in the community of Tetelcingo, at Cuautla Municipality, Morelos. RECOMMENDATION No. 48/ 2016 September 30th, 2016 Recomendaciones/2016/Rec_2016_048.pdf Article of the month New Age, No. 283 2 keys upon the UN research on business and labor rights in México From August 29th to September 7th, UN working group on human rights and business visited Mexico to learn about human rights situation upon business activity in different communities in the country. On September 4th, the Otomí indigenous com- munity of San Franciso Xochicuautla received the UN working group to share with them the experien- ce they have lived for more than 8 years, in which they have denounced that others want to impose them the construction of a highway that will divi- de the community in two, based on human rights violations and on the infringement of warrants that dictates its suspension. But it was not the only community they have lis- tened. The visit to this indigenous group was part of an agenda that lasted from August 29th to Septem- ber 7th, in which they met with civil society, repre- sentatives of the three levels of government and bu- siness, to discuss the implications that commercial activities have on human rights. What is the UN Working Group on human rights and business? This group was created by the UN Human Rights Council on June 2011, and it is sha- ped by five autonomous experts. sas-derechos-humanos-mexico/ INDEX 11 New Age, No. 283 Book of the month INDEX South-South Cooperation and Triangular Cooperation in Latin America Bruno Ayllon Pino; Tahina Ojeda Medina No. of pages: 248 pp. Binding: Soft cover Editorial: La Catarata (Association los Libros de La Catarata) Language: Spanish Isbn: 9788483198056 In the last decade, Latin-American countries have stood out as dyna- mic agents of regional and international development. Its contribu- tions to the compliance of the Millennium Development Goals and its political proposals under South-South Coalitions framework have triggered changes in global governance. The region increases South-South cooperation (CSS) by exchanging a broad range of technical solutions and public policies that have been displayed on the framework of foreign policies that are more affirma- tive. Developed countries are also interested in exploring forms that supports the CSS, as triangular cooperation. This book interprets the CSS of Latin-American countries around two main axes: autonomy and differentiation, that is, considering its systematic effects and im- pacts upon XXI century cooperation and outstanding the distinctive characteristics of CSS. na/9788483198056/2102995 INDEX President Luis Raúl González Pérez First General Visitor Ismael Eslava Pérez Second General Visitor Enrique Guadarrama López Third General Visitor Ruth Villanueva Castilleja Fourth General Visitor Norma Inés Aguilar León Fifth General Visitor Edgar Corzo Sosa Sixth General Visitor Jorge Ulises Carmona Tinoco Executive Secretary Héctor Daniel Dávalos Mártínez Technical Secretary of the AdvisorCouncil Joaquín Narro Lobo The CNDH Defends and protects your rights Newsletter Periférico Sur 3469, Col. San Jerónimo Lídice, Delegación Magdalena Contreras, C. P. 10200, Ciudad de México. Teléfonos (55) 56 81 81 25 y 54 90 74 00, Lada sin costo 01800 715 2000 Executive Secretary Blvd. Adolfo López Mateos, 1922, 1er piso, Col. Tlacopac, Delegación Álvaro Obregón, C. P. 01049, Ciudad de México. Teléfono: (52 55) 17 19 20 00, ext. 8058 Fax: (52 55) 17 19 21 53. Lada sin costo: 01 800 715 2000 Correspondencia: [email protected]

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