Site Setup Patirtan Watugede Singosari, Malang, Indonesia

Site Setup Patirtan Watugede Singosari, Malang, Indonesia (PDF)

2022 • 10 Pages • 843.69 KB • English
Posted June 30, 2022 • Submitted by pdf.user

Visit PDF download

Download PDF To download page

Summary of Site Setup Patirtan Watugede Singosari, Malang, Indonesia

���� ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� ����������������� ����������������������� Site Setup Patirtan Watugede Singosari, Malang, Indonesia As a Spiritual Tourism Object Junianto1, Rosalia Niniek Sri Lestari2*, A. Tutut Subadyo2 (1)History of Architecture Lab. Magister Architecture, University of Merdeka Malang. (2)Building and Env. Science Lab., Department of Architecture, University of Merdeka Malang. Corresponding Author: [email protected] ABSTRACT Patirtan site is an ancient cultural relic, associated with the ritual bath with holy water. Patirtan Watugede site in Singosari Malang, is one of the ancient kingdom of Singhasari, which is a big kingdom in East Java. Spiritual tourism activities at temple sites and Patirtan sites in East Java and Malang Raya continue to increase. On the other hand, some Patirtan sites evolved into tourist destinations, undergoing uncontrolled development renovations. Utilization and development in the area of partial Patirtan sites, tend to contradict the concept of conservation. Through the historical approach, then analyzing the physical character and function of Watugede's Patirtan site, as well as the value of society's preference, can be formulated the concept of Patirtan Area Arrangement as a tourist destination spiritual. There are findings of the main elements used as a spiritual tourism activity on these Patirtan sites, namely: water source, meditation area, ritual ceremonial courtyard and building site Patirtan. Formulation of Concept The arrangement and development of Patirtan website as a spiritual tourism object is done descriptively, with the implementation of Draft Drawing. The concept of Arrangement and development of Watugede's Patirtan site as a spiritual tourism object was found as a result of research, by examining the phenomenon of Patirtan site in Malang Regency, which is related to the utilization, preservation of physical element, socio-culture, economy and environment. Keywords : Environment; Patirtan; Sites setup; Tourism 1. INTRODUCTION Malang Regency has quite important historical background, related to Kanjuruhan kingdom and Singhasari kingdom. Singhasari Kingdom established in the 13th century, undoubtedly has a high historical value. There are many sites in the form of temples and Patirtan sites in the district of Malang, as a relic of the kingdom. One of the historical heritage that has historical value and high social value, is Patirtan Watugede site or known "Ken Dedes Baths", located in District Singosari Malang Regency. On the other hand, Malang Regency government develop Tourism sector, become one of development focus. This development policy, because Malang Regency has a wealth of places of high historical value, which has the potential to become a very interesting tourist attraction. One such tourist attraction, is Patirtan Watugede site in Singosari Malang Regency, which is the site of Patirtan Ken Dedes. Watugede Patirtan site today, widely used as a "spiritual Patirtan" tour by the conservation community of Javanese culture. Patirtan Watugede site complex, by ordinary people called "Ken Dedes Baths", is one of the tourist Patirtan that has a pretty high sacred value in the district of Malang. The existence of the baths, has attracted many people to conduct a spiritual-motivated visit. Community awareness of the existence of this site, quite significant, related to social and cultural values. The existence of spiritual tourism demand on the site Patirtan Watugede, by the Java cultural preservation community, of course, must be ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� ����������������� ���� ����������������������� governed through development planning. Arrangement of an effective Patirtan site area, is required for the function and purpose of managing the site to run optimally and continuously 2. METHODS Arrangement of Patirtan site area, conducted by approach of meaning analysis and historical value, owned by Patirtan site area. Patirtan site structuring approach, considering the historical aspect, archaeological aspects, mythological aspects, and artistic values. Arrangement of the Patirtan site is based on the concept of revitalization, through the preservation of a living culture in the community, as a spiritual object. The concept aims to preserve the Patirtan Watugede site, which has a water source that is considered sacred by the community 3. CONCEPT DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION The physical condition of the Watugede bath site area, an ancient rectangular pond. The walls of the pond are made of ancient bricks are neatly arranged and strong. The foundation of the wall is still quite sturdy, with conditions that some have no longer intact. The edge of the pond is adorned with several small statues, into a shower of water that will fill the pool. Water out of the mouth of the statue, until now, never stops, even in the dry season. This pool has a stone staircase that allows visitors into the pool. 3.1. Spiritual Tourism at Watugede Patirtan Sites In the observation and inventory phase of Watugede Patirtan site, which is done descriptively, linked to interviews with the resource persons. Based on the results of triangulation, from observations and interviews, on the meaning of spatial behavior of spiritual tourists, there are four types of activities: ● Ritual of taking 'holy water' at the water source. ● Ritual of 'soak' in Patirtan pond. ● Ritual bathing at the water source. ● The ritual ceremony of offerings. ● Ritual dance. The ritual of taking 'holy water' is carried out at the Watugede waterfall Patirtan site, located in the northeastern part of the Patirtan pool. Taking 'holy water' is done by the Hindu community of Java and the conservation community of Javanese culture. Water is believed by the Javanese community as a medium of energy transformation, when in contact with the body parts of a person (source: Agus Irianto, Patrieran Watugede). The holy water coming out of the water source on the Watugede site, as a place of high religious value, is undoubtedly believed to be efficacious. The holy water-taking event by the Javanese culture conservation community is based on the Javanese calendar, according to certain good days, for example on Tuesday night Kliwon, Legi Friday night, and so on. ���� ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� ����������������� ����������������������� Figure 1. Ritual Dance at Watugede Waters Water Site, conducted by Cultural Conservation Community, as a form of meditation. Source: Researcher, 2017. The meditation ritual 'soaked' at the water source of the Watugede Patirtan site, was conducted by several communities of Java cultural conservationists. Society of Javanese cultural conservationists still believe that the ritual bath, is a behavior (road) is quite effective for self-purification. This community is quite a lot, they are not only domiciled in Malang Raya, but from various regions in East Java, Central Java, Yogyakarta and DKI Jakarta. The 'soak' ritual at the water source of the Watugede Patirtan site, is still believed to be an ancestral heritage ritual, through the source medium of 'holy water'. Sanctification through 'bathing' in the source of 'holy water', is considered to be a spiritual and spiritual cleansing (Junianto and Subadyo, 2016). The bathing ritual at the water source of the Watugede Patirtan site, conducted by the Javanese cultural conservation community, is also considered a self-cleaning. The ritual is performed by bathing in a water source, located in the northeast corner of the Patirtan pool. There are several cultural preservation communities, domiciled in unfortunate Singosari, in performing bathing rituals at Watugede's Patirtan site. The Tenggerese, who follow the 'Jowo-Budho' religion, regularly perform the 'holy water' ritual, every year (Subadyo, 2016). The ritual in the Watugede baths, often performed also with dance, as a ceremonial unity. This form of ritual dance, created by their group. Ritual dance is one form of meditation, through the offering ceremony with dance or dance movements. Ritual dance ceremony is mostly done by the conservation community of Javanese culture and also traditional dance studio from Malang Raya area. Ritual dance moves, no 'grip' or formal dance, but spontaneity follows the motion that is' guided by natural energy. Dancers in a relaxed and focused condition, will then feel the urge to move in the rhythm of dance. Ritual dance is often performed in two places, namely at the source of water in the northeastern part of the pond, and done in the pond Patirtan ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� ����������������� ���� ����������������������� Sungai 5 m' 20 m' 0 Utara Mata air Jl. Raya Watugede Kolam 43.00 13.00 30.00 40.00 14.50 38.30 29.00 28.70 8.00 Figure 2. Site Plan (existing) Patirtan Watugede. Source: Measurement Results, 2017. 3.2. Activities Area for Spiritual Tourism Based on the spatial behavior patterns of the users / stakeholders of the spiritual sites at Watugede Patirtan site, can be formulated spaces used for spiritual tourism and ritual activities, as follows: 1. Water resources; which is on the northeast corner of the pond, as the main area of spiritual tourism on the Watugede Patirtan site. In this area, it is also used for ritual ceremonies, offerings, ritual dance and meditation. ���� ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� ����������������� ����������������������� 2. The site of Patirtan Watugede, located at the front entrance and in the form of yard, in addition to motorcycle parking, is also often used for the preparation of ceremonies and rituals, in the form of Meditation Square. 3. Building site Patirtan; a pond building, which has a high historical value, is used for bathing rituals. Patirtan pool is also used for ceremonial ritual bath, with ritual dance, and water meditation. Figure 3. Area of Spiritual Tourism Activities Patirtan Watugede. Source: Observation results and interviews, 2017. 3.3. Supported Activities Spiritual Tourism Sungai 5 m' 20 m' 0 Utara Mata air Jl. Raya Watugede Kolam 29.00 8.00 7.20 4.00 14.00 gardu Jaga Ruang Ganti � Ritual Sesaji � Meditasi � Tari Ritual Persiapan Ritual mandi Meditasi Air & Ritual mandi Persiapan Ritual mandi Parkir Sepeda Motor ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� ����������������� ���� ����������������������� Activities supporting spiritual tourism, is an activity directly related to spiritual tourism, whether that occurs before performing rituals or after performing rituals or offerings. Based on observation of behavior patterns of spiritual tourism and interviews with actors and resource persons, can be formulated spaces used for supporting activities and kinds of activities, as follows: • Parking Visitors; Visitors who use Sepede motorbikes, park in Patirtan yard, while the visitors who use the car, parked on the street outside Patirtan • Ritual Preparation, In performing ritual ceremonies and offerings, or meditation, there are preparation activities, which include: arranging offerings or ubarampé, dressing custom, arranging ritual ceremonial equipment, and so on. During this time, the perpetrators of the ritual, do so by the pool. This is so because there is no place for the preparation of the ritual. • Lavatory, Lavatory activities are often performed by ritual actors, along with changing clothes, either before performing bath rituals or after performing bath rituals. The current Lavatory, an emergency, is unplanned. Figure 4. Motorcycle Parking Area, on the front page of the Patirtan Complex. Source: Field Observation Results, 2017. ���� ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� ����������������� ����������������������� Figure 5. The bathing ritual preparation area, on Patirtan's pool lips. Source: Field Observation Results, 2017. Figure 6. Bathroom, also used for Replace Room. Source: Field Observation Results, 2017. 3.4. Sites Setup Watugede’s Patirtan From the discussion and analysis of spiritual tourism behavior that has been described earlier, it can be concluded a concept of Site Arrangement Patirtan Watugede, berlandasakan utilization and preservation of the region. The concept of the arrangement of the Area, including the physical elements of building sites, landscape elements and supporting building arrangements. • Site Building, The physical condition of the building site is a major element that must be preserved, and maintained as much as possible from the damage. Patirtan Watugede site building, including: Wall building Swimming of brick, stone statue shower, stone Dakon and stone Gores. Another pool wall, as well as the courtyard / lips pond, is a new building that serves to strengthen the building site. • Landscape Elements, Landscape element is a buffer pond building, an area of the courtyard outside the pond up to the boundary of the fence Patirtan area. This landscape element not only functions as a Garden, but more principally serves as a buffer area for the Patirtan Pool as well as a water source. On the East Sea and the eastern part of the Pond Patirtan, it is necessary to plant vegetation with retaining roots, to protect landslides. The buffer area, should be a passive park area, to safeguard the possibility of visitor destruction. • Supporting Buildings, Supporting buildings are new buildings, which serve as supporting activities of Patirtan Swimming pool. The supporting building, the planning should align the Patirtan Pool and minimize the landscape of the Patirtan area. ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� ����������������� ���� ����������������������� Figure 7. The bird's eye perspective of the Watugede Patirtan area. Source: Imagery Concept Implementation Picture, 2017. 1. Home: Front Page Setup, including Gate design, and yard for Motorcycle Parking. Material for Gate and Front Plate of this material use Natural stone / stone temple. The design of the Gate of the Patirtan region should give the impression that the area is a historic site which is a relic of Singhasari kingdom. Detailed ornaments that are decorative elements, are designed to be distinctively 'Singhasari'. 2. Ward Preparation: Ward House Preparation, designed for Ritual preparation activities, preparing ubarampé ceremonial equipment. This building is in the form of 'Limasan' characteristic of traditional Javanese architecture, with dominant material of wood. 3. Gazebo: The Gazebo building is designed for transition space activities before or after a bathing ritual. The building is designed using the dominant material of wood. 4. Building Room Replace: The Building of the Replace Room integrates with the Lavatory, designed in the southern part of the Patirtan Pool, with the dominance of wood material. The building of 'Limasan' traditional Javanese architecture ���� ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� ����������������� ����������������������� Figure 8. Siteplan Site Setup Patirtan Watugede Site. Source: Imagery Concept Implementation Picture, 2017. Sungai 5 m' 20 m' 0 Utara Mata air Jl. Raya Watugede Kolam 29.00 8.00 7.20 4.00 14.00 Lansekap Penyangga Parkir Mobil Halaman Depan Bangsal Untuk Kegiatan Persiapan Kamar Mandi & Rg. Ganti Gazebo ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� ����������������� ���� ����������������������� 4. CONCLUSION AND PROPOSITION 4.1. Conclusion Based on the study and discussion in the previous chapter, it can be concluded as follows: • It is important to maintain and preserve Patirtan Watugede Site area, in addition to exploiting and developing new facilities to support spiritual tourism activities. • Some conservation and development of the necessary physical and landscaping elements at the Patirtan Watugede Complex, encompassing the manufacture of Gate and front yard, Preparation Ward, Gazebo and Replace. • Non-physical conservation, carried out in the form of the establishment of Patirtan Site Pattern governance rules and codes of conduct to preserve the sanctity of Patirtan 4.2. Proposition There are several suggestions that can be submitted and the arrangement and conservation of Patirtan Watugede site, as follows: • Required area as well as arrangement for car parking, so as to improve visitor comfort. • Determination of policy towards Patirtan Watugede Site area, should maximally involving people around the area, BPCB - Mojokerto, elements of the district government, as well as community elements cultural preservation. REFERENCES Abdullah, I. 2006. Construction and Reproduction of Culture, Pustaka Pelajar, Yogyakarta. Basuni S, Kosmaryandi N. 2008. Building Ecotourism in Conservation Forest. Inside: Avenzora R, editor. Ecotourism: Theory and Practice. NAD-Nias (ID): BRR. Cooper C, Fletcher J, Gilbert D, Wanhill S. 1998. Tourism Principles and Practice. Addison Wesley Longman Publishing, New York. [IUCN] International Union for Conservation of Nature. 2008. Sacred Natural Sites: Guides for Protected Area Managers. Wild R, McLeod C, editor. 2008. Gland (SW): IUCN. Nelson JM. 2009. Psychology, Religion, and Spirituality. New York (US): Springer. Nurlinda R. 2012. The Role of the Natural Sacred Site to the Effectiveness of Nusa Gede Panjalu Nature Reserve Management, Ciamis Regency, West Java Province [thesis]. IPB Bogor. Parwita, et al. 2015. The Study of Spatial Conservation at the Pura Mengening Complex in Tampaksiring Village, Gianyar Regency, Journal of Matrix, Vol. 5 No. 1, pp. 33-40. Pratiekto. 2013. Study Request Recreation And Development Strategy Spiritual Ecotourism In Ujung Kulon National Park. [skripsi] .DKSHE. IPB Bogor. Santos MGMP. 2003. Religious tourism: contribution towards a clarification of concepts. Inside: Fernandes C, McGettigan F, Edwards J, editor. Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage. Fatima (PO): Tourism Board of Leiria. Sedyawati E.1994. Ganeça Presentation of Kadiri Period and Singasari: An Overview of Art History. Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia, Jakarta. Timothy DJ, Olsen DH. 2006. Tourism and Religious Journeys. Inside: Timothy DJ, Olsen DH, editor. Tourism, Religionand Spiritual Journeys. Routledge. hlm1-21.New York (US): Vukonic B. 1996. Tourism and Religion. Elsevier.Oxford. Wurianto, AB. 2015. Cultural Aspects of Water Conservation Efforts in Antiquities and Mythology Site of Malang Society, Journal of Humanity, Vol. IV No. 2, pp. 80-88.