International Journal of Advanced Research and Development 671 International Journal of Advanced Research and Development ISSN: 2455-4030 Impact Factor: RJIF 5.24 www.advancedjournal.com Volume 3; Issue 2; March 2018; Page No. 671-674 Stress management of bank employees in Hyderabad Karnataka Dr. RajKumar B Salgar Assistant Professor, Department of Commerce, GFGC College, Sedam, Karnataka, India Abstract Stress is a universal element and persons from nearly every walk of life have to face stress. Stress can have negative impacts on both the employee and the organization. Actually, in this research paper it was checked that what the impact occupational stress produced upon Employees. The study describes the occupational stress in Hyderabad Karnataka banks. A randomly selected sample of 100 employees from private and public banks shows that occupational stress is found higher among private bank employees compared to public bank employees. Keywords: stress, employees, banks Introduction Stress management refers to the wide spectrum of techniques and psychotherapies aimed at controlling a person's levels of stress, especially chronic stress, usually for the purpose of improving everyday functioning. It may seem that there’s nothing you can do about stress. The bills won’t stop coming, there will never be more hours in the day and your career and family responsibilities will always be demanding. But you have more control than you might think. In fact, the simple realization that you’re in control of your life is the foundation of stress management. Managing stress is all about taking charge: of your thoughts, emotions, schedule, and the way you deal with problems. Identify the sources of stress Stress management starts with identifying the sources of stress in your life. This isn’t as easy as it sounds. Your true sources of stress aren’t always obvious, and it’s all too easy to overlook your own stress-inducing thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. Sure, you may know that you’re constantly worried about work deadlines. But maybe it’s your procrastination, rather than the actual job demands, that leads to deadline stress To identify your true sources of stress, look closely at your habits, attitude, and excuses 1. Do you explain away stress as temporary even though you can’t remember the last time you took a breather? 2. Do you define stress as an integral part of your work or home life? 3. Do you blame your stress on other people or outside events, or view it as entirely normal and unexceptional? Until you accept responsibility for the role you play in creating or maintaining it, your stress Level will remain outside your control. While some workplace stress is normal, excessive stress can interfere with your productivity and Impact your physical and emotional health. And your ability to deal with it can mean the Difference between success and failure. You can’t control everything in your work environment, but that doesn't mean you're powerless-even when you’re stuck in a difficult situation. Finding Ways to manage workplace stress isn't about making huge changes or rethinking career ambitions, but rather about focusing on the one thing that’s always within your control: Coping with work stress in today’s uncertain climate For workers everywhere, the troubled economy may feel like an emotional roller coaster. "Layoffs" and "budget cuts" have become bywords in the workplace, and the result is increased fear, uncertainty, and higher levels of stress. Since job and workplace stress increase in times of economic crisis, it’s important to learn new and better ways of coping with the pressure. Your emotions are contagious, and stress has an impact on the quality of your interactions with others. The better you are at managing your own stress, the more you'll positively affect those around you, and the less other people's stress will negatively affect you. You can learn how to manage job stress There are a variety of steps you can take to reduce both your overall stress levels and the stress you find on the job and in the workplace. These include: 1. Taking responsibility for improving your physical and emotional well-being. 2. Avoiding pitfalls by identifying knee jerk habits and negative attitudes that add to the stress you experience at work. 3. Learning better communication skills to ease and improve your relationships with management and coworkers. Signs and symptoms of excessive job and workplace stress Feeling anxious, irritable,: Muscle tension or headaches or depressed Apathy, loss of interest : Stomach problems in work International Journal of Advanced Research and Development 672 Problems sleeping : Social withdrawal Fatigue : Loss of sex drive Trouble concentrating : Using alcohol or drugs to cope Some common signs of stress are listed below. However experiencing one or more of these does not necessarily give an indication of stress. Where managers have concerns they must discuss these with the individual. Persistent or recurrent moods e.g. anger, irritability, detachment, worry, depression, guiltand sadness. Physical effects e.g. aches and pains (headaches, back ache, neck ache), raised heart rate, increased sweating, dizziness, blurred vision, skin or sleep disorders. Changed behaviours e.g. increased absence levels, difficulty concentrating or remembering things, inability to switch off, loss of creativity, making more errors, double checking everything, eating disorders, covering up mistakes by lying, increased use of alcohol, tobacco or drugs. Prolonged or extreme exposure to the possible symptoms of stress is associated with Serious chronic diseases such as heart disease, back pain, gastrointestinal problems, anxiety or depression. Head teachers/ line managers should also be aware of the following possible signs Increase in sickness absence Poor work performance Poor relationships at work Poor attitude and behavior Any concerns should be discussed with the individual at the earliest opportunity before the situation escalates to potentially trigger Disciplinary/Capability procedures Review of literature Cobb (1975) has the opinion that, "The responsibility load creates severe stress among workers and managers." If the individual manager cannot cope with the increased responsibilities it may lead to several physical and psy- chological disorders among them. Brook (1973) reported that qualitative changes in the job create adjustment pro- blem among employees. The interpersonal relationships within the department and between the departments create qualitative difficulties within the organization to a great extent. Miles and Perreault (1976) identify four different types of role conflict: Intra-sender role conflict, Inter sender role conflict, Person- role conflict; role over load. The use of role concepts suggests that job related stress is asso- ciated with individual, interpersonal, and structural variables (Katz and Kahn, 1978; Whetten, 1978). The presence of supportive peer groups and supportive relationships with supervisors are negatively correlated with R.C (Caplan et al., 1964). There is evidence that role incumbents with high levels of role ambiguity also respond to their situation with anxiety, depression, physi-cal symptoms, a sense of futility or lower self esteem, lower levels of job involvement and organizational commitment, and perceptions of lower performance on the part of the organization, of supervisors, and of them- selves (Brief and Aldag, 1976; Greene, 1972). Occupational stress is an increasingly important occupational health problem and a significant cause of economic loss. Objective of the study 1. To know, stress management among male and female public banks employees. 2. To compare stress management among male and female private banks employees. 3. To study of the stress management among public and private male banks employees. 4. To study of the stress management among public and private banks female employees. Hypothesis 1. There will be significant difference between stress management of public and private employees. 2. There is significant difference between male and female public employees. 3. There is significant difference between male and female private employees. 4. The interaction effect of type of public and private male employees on stress management would be significant. Variables Independent Variables Gender Banks Public Private Dependent Variables Stress Management Sample and Population Public Bank Private Bank Male 25 Male 25 Female 25 Female 25 Total 50 Total 50 The present study was conducted on an incidental-purposive of 100 subjects: 50 males and females from public and 50 males and females from private banks organization. All the employees have been in the age range of 30 to 45 years with service experience ranges between 5 to 15 years and may be of both the services and working in public and private sectors in Kalburagi district (Hyderabad karnataka backward Area). Tools and Method In the present study for finding of stress management level on the old persons the main objectives of this research. Researcher has developed stress management progress report of research sample variable of old males and females from Kalaburagi district area. Percentage score present study is for finding out the “Stress management questionnaires’ in helping people with stress and stress related disorders at his Biofeedback and Stress Management Clinic develop a stress International Journal of Advanced Research and Development 673 assessment tool called the Stress Management Questionnaire (SMQ). The SMQ was designed to help individuals identify potential stress "risk" areas and, then, based upon the results develop an intervention programs to reduce stress and enhance one's stress mastery skills. Results and Discussion Table 1: Stress management among Public and Private Banks employees. Group Total N Mean SD Sem t Level Public Bank 50 16.30 3.38 0.48 2.3088 ns 0.01 Private Bank 50 17.86 3.37 0.48 - Ns 0.01 NS=No Significance P value and statistical significance: The two-tailed P value equals 0.0231 By conventional criteria, this difference is considered to be statistically significant. Confidence interval: The mean of Group One minus Group Two equals -1.56 95% confidence interval of this difference: From -2.90 to - 0.22 Intermediate values used in calculations: t = 2.3088 df = 98 Standard error of difference = 0.676 The above null hypothesis is tested using the data presented in the table. 1It is observed from the table - 1 that the t - value 2.3088 is smaller than table value at both 0.05 and 0.01 Level of significance. Therefore, the hypothesis is rejected. So, the t- value found to be not significant Hence, it is inferred there is no significant impact in the mean score of Stress management on Public and Private Banks employees. Table 2: Male and female Public Banks employees, about stress management. Group Total N SD SEM t Level Male 25 17.00 3.79 0.76 NS 1.482 Female 25 15.60 2.83 0.57 __ 0.1 NS=No Significance P value and statistical significance: The two-tailed P value equals 0.1451 By conventional criteria, this difference is considered to be not statistically significant. Confidence interval: The mean of Group One minus Group Two equals 1.40 95% confidence interval of this difference: From -0.50 to 3.30 Intermediate values used in calculations: t = 1.4812 df = 48 Standard error of difference = 0.945 There will be no significant impact in the mean score of stress management on Public Male and Female Bank employees. The above hypothesis is tested using the data presented in the table – 2, it is observed from the table – 2 that the t – value 1.4812 is smaller than table value at both 0.05 and 0.01 level of Significance. Therefore, the hypothesis is rejected, so, the t- value found to be not significant impact in the mean score of stress management of male and female public bank employees. Table 3: Analysis of variance based on Stress management of male Public* and Private** Banks employees. Group Total N SEM t Level Male 25 17.00 3.76 NS 1.1419 Male 25 19.08 3.04 0.61 0.01 NS=No Significance P value and statistical significance: The two-tailed P value equals 0.0373 By conventional criteria, this difference is considered to be statistically significant. Confidence interval: The mean of Group One minus Group Two equals -2.08 95% confidence interval of this difference: From -4.03 to -0.13 Intermediate values used in calculations: t = 2.1419 df = 48 Standard error of difference = 0.971 Table 4: shows the individual effect of male employees of public and private bank on home stress management. The t value was found to be 2.1419 which are statistically not significant. The mean for the public bank employees is 17.00 and SD 3.79, as well as the mean of private bank employees is 19.08 and SD 3.04. Hence it is concluded that there is no significant difference between public and private male employees in terms of their stress management. Table 4: Analysis of variance based on Stress management of female Public* and Private** Banks employees. Group Total N SEM SD t Level Female* 25 15.60 2.83 0.57 NS 1.1959 Female** 25 1* 64 3.30 0.66 0.01 NS=No Significance P value and statistical significance: The two-tailed P value equals 0.2376 By conventional criteria, this difference is considered to be not statistically significant. Confidence interval: The mean of Group One minus Group Two equals -1.04 95% confidence interval of this difference: From -2.79 to 0.71 Intermediate values used in calculations: t = 1.1959 df = 48 Standard error of difference = 0.870 Table 5: shows the individual effect of female employees of public and private bank on home stress management. The t value was found to be 1.1959 which is statistically not International Journal of Advanced Research and Development 674 significant. The mean for the public bank employees is 15.60 and SD 2.83, as well as the mean of private bank employees is 16.64 and SD 3.30. Hence it is concluded that there is no significant difference between public and private female employees in terms of their stress management. Finding Private Bank employees are more effective in stress management compare to Public Bank employees. Public Bank and Private Bank male employees are more effective in stress management compare to females. Private Bank male employees are more effective compare to Public Bank male employees, about stress management. Private Bank female employees are more effective compare to Public Bank female employees, about stress management. Causes of stress at work • bullying or harassment, by anyone, not necessarily a person's manager Feeling powerless and uninvolved in determining one's own responsibilities Continuous unreasonable performance demands Lack of effective communication and conflict resolution Lack of job security Long working hours Excessive time away from home and family Office politics and conflict among staff A feeling that one's reward reward is not commensurate with one's responsibility Suggestion Rank and prioritize your problems. Take one problem at a time. Discuss concerns and problems with friends and people you trust. Exercise regularly and get enough sleep. Balance your day by prioritizing your tasks in the morning. 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